vampire bat scientific name

Social grooming in the common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus. This name generator will generate 10 random names fit for a bat or similar creature. Three extant bat species feed solely on blood: the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), the hairy-legged vampire bat (Diphylla ecaudata), and the white-winged vampire bat (Diaemus youngi). Mammalian Species: Desmodus rotundus. Vampire Bat. Vampire Bat. Share . [3] These bats also have well-developed senses of smell and hearing: the cochlea is highly sensitive to low-frequency acoustics, and the nasal passages are relatively large. 2008-04-10 23:53:46 2008-04-10 23:53:46. ), Bat biology and conservation: 157–168. Scientific name: Desmodus draculae. Walk among free-flight birds, towering saguaros and watch the racing roadrunners. From an ecological perspective, bats are quite important as they facilitate pollination as well as seed dispersal. About Animal Facts. Vampire bat colony numbers can range from single digits to hundreds in roosting sites. What is the vampire bat's scientific name? Vampire Bat Facts – Facts about Vampire Bats Summary. The basic social structure of roosting bats is made of female groups and their offspring, a few adult males, known as "resident males", and a separate group of males, known as "nonresident males". They are able to distinguish different optical patterns and may use vision for long-range orientation. The Common Vampire Bat is the most common of several vampire species. 766-767 in, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T6510A21979045.en, "Sur les Phyllostomes et les Mégadermes, deux Genres de la famille des Chauve-souris", "List of the mammals obtained by Dr. G. Franco Grillo in the Province of Parana, Brazil", Foraging vampire bats can expect big meals or none at all. [3] They emit echolocation signals orally, and thus fly with their mouths open for navigation. That makes it the largest in the world. Schutt, W. A., Jr. 1998. Food sharing appears to require social bonds that require development over long periods of time. This feeding behavior is facilitated by its anatomy and physiology for rapid processing and digestion of the blood to enable the animal to take flight soon after the feeding. Bat is the common name of this remarkable animal while Chiroptera is its scientific name. [3] The young are raised primarily by the females. Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, DeeAnn M. (editors). Vampire bats have special sensors in their noses that help them detect the heat of blood vessels close to the skin of their prey, so they know where to bite. Pteropus giganteus. Organism. Largest Bat in the World? Name: Vampire bats. VAMPIRE BAT Scientific Name:Desmodus rotundus Vampire bats may be the only mammals that are parasites. Vampire bats, species of the subfamily Desmodontinae, are leaf-nosed bats found in Central and South America. All three species of Desmodontinae specialize in feeding on the blood of warm-blooded animals. (2005). Mothers leave their young to hunt, and call their young to feed upon returning. [40] Typically, within two hours of setting out in search of food, the common vampire bat returns to its roost and settles down to spend the rest of the night digesting its meal. All three species are native to the Americas, ranging from Mexico to Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Argentina. The common vampire bat was first described as Phyllostoma rotundum by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1810. IUCN Red List status: Least Concern. The basic social structure of roosting bats is made of ‘harems’. The saliva contains several compounds that prolong bleeding, such as anticoagulants that inhibit blood clotting,[37] and compounds that prevent the constriction of blood vessels near the wound. [29] For example, even among bats submitted for rabies testing because they could be captured, were obviously weak or sick, or had been captured by a cat, only about 6% had rabies. 35.627510781751, -79.757441394032. Wilkinson, G. 1986. [23] They feed in a distance of 5 to 8 km (3.1 to 5.0 mi) from their roosts. Age: Diverged from fruit bats 26m years ago. Vampire bats use infrared radiation to locate blood hotspots on their prey. Names & Taxonomy i. [3] It has a haploid number of 14, for a karyotype of 28 chromosomes. Scientific Name: Desmodus rotundus. [25] Female offspring often remain in their natal groups. The non-maternal sharing events were kin-biased suggesting that vampire bats prefer to help relatives. Common Vampire Bats, as their name implies, are the most widespread of vampires. While Common Vampire Bats may feed on the blood of mammals or birds, the White … Vampire bats prefer human blood. (2001) "Bat Blood Donors", pp. Another description was published in 1826 as a new species Desmodus rufus by Maximilian Wied, in the second volume of his work detailing his explorations in Brazil, erecting a new genus Desmodus. [20] They occupy the darkest and highest places in the roosts; when they leave, other bat species move in to take over these vacated spots. Vampire bat facts cover a wide range of topics. Chiroptera is the order which consists of bats, the only mammals capable of powered flight. If you're still stuck for inspiration try out some of the other pet name generators (links at the bottom of this page), you'll find many names work for many different animals. The common vampire is the most common bat species in southeastern Brazil. There is evidence that it is possible for the rabies virus to infect a host purely through airborne transmission, without direct physical contact of the victim with the bat. 1983. [11], The common vampire bat is short-haired, with silver-gray fur on its undersides, demarcated from the darker fur on its back. Bats Scientific Name. They then create a small incision with their teeth and lap up blood from the wound. [26] Male offspring tend to live in their natal groups until they are one to two years old, sometimes being forced out by the resident adult males.[26]. The hindlimbs keep the body over the pectoral limbs which are stabilized by the thumbs. Size Body 3.5in (9cm) Wingspan 7 in. Vampire mythologies existed in various cultures around the world long before before vampire bats got their name. The common vampire bat lives in large groups, of up to 100 animals. There are multiple hypotheses for how vampire bats evolved. Fossils of this bat have been found as far north as Virginia. [18] The young accompany their mothers to hunt at six months, but are not fully weaned until nine months. 1988. Preferred Names. Eptesicus fuscus. [7], While most other bats have almost completely lost the ability to maneuver on land, vampire bats are an exception. However, some species feed exclusively on blood – such as the vampire bats. [17] The southern extent of its range is Uruguay, northern Argentina, and central Chile. The inferior colliculus, the part of the bat's brain that processes sound, is well adapted to detecting the regular breathing sounds of sleeping animals that serve as its main food source. Vampire bats, unlike the vampires of legend, are small creatures, just 7-9 cm long. Hematophagy is uncommon due to the number of challenges to overcome for success: a large volume of liquid potentially overwhelming the kidneys and bladder,[7] the risk of iron poisoning,[8] and coping with excess protein. In 1810, vampire bats were officially described in scientific literature and were documented in 1839 by Darwin . IUCN Species Range Map Description. Scientific name Destination. [25] Vampire bats are reproductively active year-round, although the number of conceptions and births peak in the rainy season. American Society of Mammalogists, 202: 1–6. The common vampire bat is Desmodus rotundus, the white-winged vampire bat … They often assist others within the colony, for example providing blood to mothers with infants that cannot hunt. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Pawan, J.L. [16] Within 4 million years of diverging from other Phyllostomids, vampire bats had evolved all necessary adaptations for blood-feeding, making it one of the fastest examples of natural selection among mammals. It was suggested that while grooming, a bat might assess the size of its partner's abdomen to determine if it really needs to eat. 3-5. The Vampire Bat is a small species of Bat, native to the tropics of Central and South America. Vampire bats also participate in mutual grooming;[23] two bats groom each other simultaneously to clean one another, and to strengthen social bonds. Though vampire bats are the most well-known, there are only three species of bat that use another animal’s blood as food. It is one of three extant species of vampire bat, the other two being the hairy-legged and the white-winged vampire bats. [30] Joseph Lennox Pawan, a government bacteriologist in Trinidad, found the first infected vampire bat in March 1932. To take off from the ground, the bat generates extra lift by crouching and flinging itself into the air. They adapt well to captivity and often are exhibited in zoos. Range North America and South America. No need to register, buy now! A "donor" bat may regurgitate a small amount of blood to sustain the other member of the colony. [29] However, of the few cases of rabies reported in the United States every year, most are caused by bat bites. Taxonomy. VAMPIRE BAT Scientific Name:Desmodus rotundus Vampire bats may be the only mammals that are parasites. Bats (order Chiroptera) are the only mammals capable of flight. The species received several scientific names before being given its current one—Desmodus rotundus—by Oldfield Thomas in 1901. [13] This ability likely evolved independently within the bat lineage. Medical attention should be given to any person who awakens to discover a vampire bat in their sleeping quarters. Scientific Classification Common Name common vampire bat, vampire bat Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Chiroptera (hand wing) Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Desmodontidae (bundle tooth) Genus Species Desmodus (bundle tooth) rotundus (round) Fast Facts Description Pointed ears; longer thumb (in comparison to other true vampire bats); 20 teeth, with … NEXT> 5. Despite the connotations of their name, they are caring animals that will look after abandoned young bats and work together in their colonies. The stomach and intestine rapidly absorb the water in the blood meal, which is quickly transported to the kidneys, and on to the bladder for excretion. The Desert is a glass-domed building designed to recreate an arid, colorful desert. Macroderma gigas. [41], Although rare, infection of humans by rabies from vampire bat bites has been documented; for example in 2010 four children in Peru died after being bitten. The upper incisors lack enamel, which keeps them razor-sharp. Vampire bat facts cover a wide range of topics. Even though bat bites themselves aren't harmful, vampire bats can spread a disease called rabies. The three species of vampire bats are the only mammals that have evolved to feed exclusively on blood (hematophagy) as micropredators, a strategy within parasitism. Walker, E. 1975. Most observed food sharing (70%) was mothers feeding their pups. Behavior: Tend to live in colonies of 100 or so animals, but may reach 1,000 individuals. Download Zoo Map. More >> IUCN category: Least Concern . He not only stuck up for Desmodus rotundus, the scientific name for the most common vampire bat, but described the animals as boons to humanity. There are three species ranging from Argentina to N Mexico. [3] Its dental formula is 1.1.2.01.1.3.0, for a total of 18 teeth. Facebook. Its wingspan is between 35-40 cm and it weighs 30-40 grams. [10], A description published under the name Desmodus puntajudensi (Cuban vampire bat) by Woloszyn and Mayo in 1974 was later recognized as synonymous with this species. Its mouth has two pointy front teeth. The common vampire bat feeds primarily on mammalian blood, particularly that of livestock such as cattle and horses. [3] A well-developed, clawed thumb on each wing is used to climb onto prey and to assist the animal in take-off. [29], Another ability that some vampire bats possess is identifying and monitoring the positions of conspecifics (individuals of the same species) simply by antiphonal calling. Hairy-legged Vampire Bats and White-winged Vampire Bats are less common and are less often caught by biologists. However, the release of Bram Stoker’s Dracula in 1897 was the one to solidify the relationship between bats and vampires in to Western culture. [27] Furthermore, donor bats were more likely to approach starving bats and initiate the food sharing. All of them live in the Americas, in Mexico, Brazil, Chile and Argentina.Of the three known species, one feeds on the blood of mammals, the other two on the blood of birds.. [34], If there is fur on the skin of the host, the common vampire bat uses its canine and cheek teeth like a barber's blades to shave away the hairs. There's a wide variety of names available, ranging from cute or funny to dark or fierce. It is one of the most social of bat species with a number of cooperative behaviors such as social grooming and food sharing. [18][24] Females give birth to one offspring per pregnancy,[18][24] following a gestation period of about seven months. The Vampire Bat, A Field Study in Behavior and Ecology. The Vampire Bat is a fascinating creature, and one that has been involved with legends for centuries. Greenhall, Arthur M. (1988) "Feeding Behavior". Common Name: Vampire Bat. [24] When a bat selects a target, it lands on it, or jumps up onto it from the ground,[18][24] usually targeting the rump, flank, or neck of its prey;[18] heat sensors in the nose help it to detect blood vessels near the surface of the skin. A genetically engineered drug called desmoteplase, which uses the anticoagulant properties of the saliva of Desmodus rotundus, has been shown to increase blood flow in stroke patients.[34]. As of Nov 30 20. What is the scientific name for a vampire bat? He not only stuck up for Desmodus rotundus, the scientific name for the most common vampire bat, but described the animals as boons to humanity. Common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) New World leaf-nosed bats are usually brown, grey, or black, although five species are white. [19][23], Male vampire bats guard roosting sites that attract females,[26] but females often switch roosts [26], During estrus, a female releases one egg. Lesser false vampire bat. Vampire Bat. [27] This finding suggests that vampire bats are capable of preferentially aiding their relatives, but that they may benefit more from forming reciprocal, cooperative relationships with relatives and non-relatives alike. Desmodus stocki UF/FGS 5935, a jaw belonging to this species. NEXT> 6. Its coat is dark gray-brown. Resident males mate with the females in their harems, and it is less common for outside males to copulate with the females. The danger is not so much to the human population, but rather to livestock. A related unique adaptation of vampire bats is the sharing of food. Vampire Bat Facts – Facts about Vampire Bats Summary. Common vampire bats are found in Central America, all but the southern tip of South America, as well as the Margarita and Trinidad Islands. Vampire mythologies existed in various cultures around the world long before before vampire bats got their name. [21] It pierces the animal's skin with its teeth, biting away a small flap,[24] and laps up the blood with its tongue, which has lateral grooves adapted to this purpose. Species Name: Giant Vampire Bat. [16] They can identify a metal strip 1 centimetre (0.39 in) wide at a distance of 50 centimetres (20 in), which is moderate compared to other bats.[16]. Phyllostoma rotundus Desmodus rufus. Vampire bats are commonly ca… [1] [27] Mean genetic kinship within roosting groups was low (r = 0.03 − 0.11), but 95% of food sharing observed in the wild occurred between close kin (first cousins or higher). Habitat (locations): Habitat (locations): These giant creatures were recently discovered near Northern Venezuela, and have since then been found in various other locations in Brazil. The bat's razor-sharp upper incisor teeth then make a 7mm wide and 8mm deep cut. IUCN Species Range Map Description. … This particular species of bat features a short muzzle that is cone shaped. In: Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association, "Phylogeny of phyllostomid bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera): data from diverse morphological systems, sex chromosomes, and restriction sites", 10.1206/0003-0090(2000)248<0001:popbmc>2.0.co;2, "In cold blood: Compositional Bias and Positive Selection Drive the High Evolutionary Rate of Vampire Bats Mitochondrial Genomes", "Evolution of parasitism along convergent lines: from ecology to genomics", "Biology of bats of the New World family Phyllostomatidae /", "Biological infrared imaging and sensing", "Audition in vampire bats, Desmodus rotundus", "Classification of human breathing sounds by the common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus", "Vampire Bats Survive by Only Eating Blood—Now We Know How", "Ganglion-specific splicing of TRPV1 underlies infrared sensation in vampire bats", "The Social Organization of the Common Vampire Bat II:Mating System, Genetic Structure and Relatedness", "Food sharing in vampire bats: reciprocal help predicts donations more than relatedness or harassment", "Does food sharing in vampire bats demonstrate reciprocity? [27] All considered, vampire bat research should be interpreted cautiously as much of the evidence is correlational and still requires further testing. They also lack a nose leaf, instead having naked pads with U-shaped grooves at the tip. [14] When making a jump, the bat pushes up with its pectoral limbs. (18) Habitat South America and central America. "Rabies in the Vampire Bat of Trinidad with Special Reference to the Clinical Course and the Latency of Infection. [25] In hairy-legged vampire bats, the hierarchical segregation of nonresident males appears less strict than in common vampire bats. One feeds only on the blood of mammals; the other two species prefer the blood of birds. Vampire Bat 101: Home Adaptations Specifices Pictures and Interesting Facts Survey Scientific Name The scientific name for the vampire bat is Desmodus rotundus. [18][20] Vampire bats will roost with about 45 other bat species,[3] and tend to be the most dominant at roosting sites. Males are usually a little smaller than females. [citation needed], Although most bats do not have rabies, those that do may be clumsy, disoriented, and unable to fly, which makes them more likely to come into contact with humans. Gene. It prefers warm and humid climates,[18][19] and uses tropical and subtropical woodlands and open grasslands for foraging. The literary Dracula transforms into a bat several times in the novel, and vampire bats themselves are mentioned twice in it. Greenhall, A., G. Joermann, U. Schmidt, M. Seidel. Food sharing was only observed when the co-roosting association was greater than 60%. [16] Difficulty: Tough. The Brazilian free-tailed bat has a subspecies called the Mexican free-tailed bat that lives the southern part of the United States. Like fruit-eating bats, and unlike insectivorous and fish-eating bats, they emit only low-energy sound pulses. Vampire Bat Desmodus rotundus (É. Geoffroy, 1810) kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Chordata - chordates » class Mammalia - mammals » order Chiroptera - bats » family Phyllostomidae - new world leaf-nosed bats » genus Desmodus. It then uses its razor-sharp teeth to cut open the skin of its hosts and lap up their blood with its long tongue. ... » Therians » Eutherian » Placental » Boreoeutheria » Laurasiatheria » Scrotifera » Bats » New World Leaf Nosed Bats » Vampire Bat ... Scientific Names. 2-4. ", "Antiphonal calling allows individual discrimination in white-winged vampire bats", "How vampires evolved to live on blood alone", "How Vampire Bats Can Survive on a Diet of Blood", "Peru battles rabid vampire bats after 500 people bitten", http://www.si.edu/Encyclopedia_SI/nmnh/batfacts.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vampire_bat&oldid=991146575, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, They evolved from frugivorous bats with sharp teeth specialized for piercing fruit, They initially fed on insects that were attracted to the wounds of animals, and then progressed to feeding on the wounds, They initially preyed on small arboreal vertebrates, They were arboreal omnivores themselves and began ingesting blood and flesh from wound sites of larger animals, They were specialized nectar-feeders that evolved to feed on another type of liquid. If you're still stuck for inspiration try out some of the other pet name generators (links at the bottom of this page), you'll find many names work for many different animals. [5][6] However, vampire bats can actually be quite tame, and even friendly to humans. However, vampire bats tune a channel that is already heat-sensitive, TRPV1, by lowering its thermal activation threshold to about 30 °C, which allows them to sense the target. The common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus, also has specialized thermoreceptors on its nose,[17] which aid the animal in locating areas where the blood flows close to the skin of its prey. [1]:163–167, The placement of the three genera of the subfamily Desmodontinae within the New World leaf-nosed bat family Phyllostomidae Gray, 1825, may be summarized as:[2]. Because it feeds on livestock and is a carrier of rabies, the common vampire bat is considered a pest. Vampire bats tend to live in colonies in almost completely dark places, such as caves, old wells, hollow trees, and buildings. It has strong legs. Scientific name Destination. vampire bat, name for the blood-drinking bats of the family Desmodontidae, found in the New World tropics. These three species compose the "true" vampire bats, as opposed to the "false" vampires of the family Megadermatidae and the spectral bat. They don’t weigh more than about two ounces.They have a distinct looking fact that is one very similar to the look of vampires in movies. True. False. Diet Meat/carnivores. This particular habit in certain animals is known as ‘hematophagy’. [3] It has the fewest teeth among bats. When individuals of a population are lost, bats with a larger number of mutual donors tend to offset their own energetic costs at a higher rate than bats that fed less of the colony before the removal. Source(s): scientific vampire… A.M. Greenhall and U. Schmidt, editors. The common vampire bat is found in parts of Mexico, Central America, and South America. These creatures are nocturnal and most active in the early night. These creatures are nocturnal and most active in the early night. "[1], The common vampire bat was first described as Phyllostoma rotundum by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1810. Answer. Their food source is blood, a dietary trait called hematophagy. Terminal (leaf) node. Common vampire bat. [18] Female offspring usually remain in their natal groups into adulthood, unless their mothers die or move. Scientific synonyms. Scientific Name – Desmodus rotundus Classification – Desmodus Gender Names – Male – male; Female – female; Baby – pup Collective Noun – colony, cloud Length/Size – 7cm – 9.5cm (2.75in – 3.75in) [Wing Span: 15cm – 18cm (5.9in – 7in)] Weight – 19g – 57g (0.7oz – 2oz) Top Speed – 40km/h (25mph) Life Expectancy – Typically 9 years; up to 12 […] 2005. Desmodus rotundus (E. Geoffroy 1810) [7] However, the common vampire bat feeds on mammalian blood more than the other two species, which primarily feed on that of birds. They have a wide mouth that opens up and shows their teeth, maki… The upper incisors lack enamel, which keeps them permanently razor sharp. [3] It is also capable of leaping in various directions, heights, and distances. [6] It is classified under the subfamily Desmodontinae along with two other species: the hairy-legged vampire bat (Diphylla ecaudata), and the white-winged vampire bat (Diaemus youngi). While shedding much of the blood's liquid facilitates flight takeoff, the bat still has added almost 20–30% of its body weight in blood. Common name i: Vampire bat: Synonym i-Other names i ›common vampire bat: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … The bat usually approaches its prey at night while they are sleeping. The common vampire bat is found in a variety of habitats in Mexico, as well as Central and South America. Wiki User Answered . (18) Habitat South America and central America. For equally familiar bats, the predictive capacity of reciprocity surpasses that of relatedness. [3] They can be found as far north as 280 kilometres (170 mi) south of the Mexico–United States border. The Vampire bat is about 3 inches long and has a wingspan of about 8 inches. Nose. Vampire Bat. [3] Mating usually lasts three to four minutes; the male bat mounts the female from the posterior end, grasps her back with his teeth, holds down her folded wings, and inseminates her. The bat's saliva, left in the victim's resulting bite wound, has a key function in feeding from the wound. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Scientific name i: Desmodus rotundus: Taxonomy navigation › Desmodus. The Common Vampire Bat is the most common of several vampire species. Images. Individuals that spend their own energy as a social investment of sorts are more likely to thrive, and higher rates of survival incentivize the behavior and reinforce the importance of large social networks in colonies. The common vampire bat practices hematophagy, mainly feeding on the blood of livestock. [18] Vampire bats feed on wild prey like the tapir, but seem to prefer domesticated animals, and favor horses over cattle when given the choice. The Vampire bat looks sort of like a pig with fangs and large pointy ears. The Vampire Bat is a fascinating creature, and one that has been involved with legends for centuries. The extinct Stock’s vampire bat was twenty percent larger than the modern common vampire bat, which suggests it preyed on larger animals. The researchers compared the genome of the common vampire bat, scientific name Desmodus rotundus, to genomes of bat species that eat nectar, fruit, insects and meat. Mammals of the World, 3rd Edition. 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Is 1.1.2.01.1.3.0, for a karyotype of 28 chromosomes species, each has been placed within different! Wilson, don E. and Reeder, DeeAnn M. ( 1988 ) `` bat blood ''. The only mammals that are parasites vampire mythologies existed in various cultures around the world sharing ( 70 ). Unrelated females between groups leads to the Americas, ranging from Mexico to Brazil,,... 39 ] a well-developed, clawed thumb on each wing is used to climb prey. Bat species with a number of 14, for a karyotype of 28 chromosomes. [ 36 ] this species... To 8 km ( 3.1 to 5.0 mi ) from their roosts come him... Common name of this bat have been found as far north as Virginia is relatively large, but reach! 23 ] they feed in a group, as unrelated females regularly join.. And vampire bats may be the only mammals that are parasites, those... Initiate the food sharing was only observed when the ambient temperature lowers vertebrate TRPA1 ( transient potential... Seed dispersal authors list ( of Desmodontinae specialize in feeding from the..

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