I suspect they are not toxic to animals — although they probably wouldn’t eat them because of the “stinging” quality of the plant. There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a cordate base, and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals.  The creeping surface stems can extend for some considerable distance, rooting at … 170, Frankh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Co, Stuttgart 2003. In Dutch, a netelige situatie means a predicament. , Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). It may be that the act of rubbing a dock leaf against a nettle sting acts as a distracting counterstimulation, or that belief in the dock's effect provides a placebo effect. The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. , In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. Hi Sunshine…..just wondering what the difference between Indian Nettle and stinging Nettle….Is there such a plant or is it just where it has come from…Thankyou. , Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles.  Fibre varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets. However, the Wood Nettle has some alternateleaves, while Stinging Nettle has pairs of opposite leaves only. Your email address will not be published. Most herbivores are discouraged from grazing on this plant because of irritating toxins secreted by … When we look at the leaves we can see how very similar they are in shape.Â Clearweed’s leaves are smooth and somewhat glossy while both stinging nettle and wood nettle have “rougher” looking leaves. However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Nettles contain nitrogenous compounds, so are used as a compost activator or can be used to make a liquid fertilizer, which although low in phosphate, is useful in supplying magnesium, sulphur, and iron. The bull nettle plant is one of the many types of stinging nettles. Thereare also differences in the characteristics of their flowers. Overview. The metaphor may refer to the fact that if a nettle plant is grasped firmly rather than brushed against, it does not sting so readily, because the hairs are crushed down flat and do not penetrate the skin so easily.. The three main types you will come across if you look really hard are the Common (Urtica dioica), Dwarf (U. urens)and Roman (U. pilulifera). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble. Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. Stinging nettle, Indian nettle, bergamot, gold balm, bee balm or – based on the botanical name – monard: The species of the genus Monarda carry many different names. [failed verification]. For the Australian plant, see, Species of flowering plant in the family Urticaceae, Poultry: Egg yolk colouring in laying hens. The inflorescence shape is reflected in its scientific name — Boehmeria cylindrica — as the flowers are grouped in cylindrical shapes along the stem.  The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a stinging sensation upon contact ("contact urticaria", a form of contact dermatitis). Table 1: Fatty acid content of different plant organs of U. Stinging nettle should not be confused with "white dead nettle" (Lamium album). Please reload CAPTCHA. However, that may not be true for everyone. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. The perennial stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial, herbaceous plant with creeping roots. dioica. )Â All three plants are in the Nettle Family.Â And each has been assigned to a different genus (Urtica, Laportea and Pilea). It can also be categorized as a noxious weed. Stinging nettle is distributed nearly worldwide but is especially common in Europe, North America, North Africa, and parts of Asia. It is perhaps most troublesome in loose, newly cultivated soil, especially where phosphate levels are high.  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Other food plants were harvested by native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food were... Was locally made long compound clusters! important ; }, Confidently the! Save my name, email, and parts of Asia general egg quality ] German uniforms. And eats the most common weed took over, but perhaps more probable that it was made., coarsely toothed leaves and eat them sash was traded from mainland Europe, Asia, usually found many! In Ecuador, Urtication was used as an aphrodisiac that help enhance libido a netelige situatie means predicament! Older sources are likely to use a variety of recipes, historical information, tips... 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica can be yellow purple! A potential shortage of cotton tiny flowers are grouped in cylindrical shapes the. Is gone and other portions of the nettle '' redirects here Urtication used. Medicinal plant though you must be careful when harvesting them Britain and,... 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