carcass weight of black wildebeest

Over the years, the South African authorities have issued stamps displaying the animal and the South African Mint has struck a 5-rand coin with a prancing black wildebeest. [17] It shows well-developed orientation behaviour towards solar radiation, which helps it thrive in hot, and often shadeless, habitats. Males stand about 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). In some animals, the auditory bullae are highly deformed, and in others, the radius and ulna are fused. Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. [2], The black wildebeest is known to hybridise with its taxonomically close relative, the blue wildebeest. This dried game meat is a delicacy and an important food item in Africa. Of Urea And Copper Sulphate On Live Body Weight Carcass This is usually followed by movements such as standing in a reverse-parallel position, in which one male urinates and the opponent smells and performs flehmen, after which they may reverse the procedure. The mean live weight (kg), carcass weight (kg) and dressing percentages (%) of the different sample groups are presented in Table 2.The mean live weight and mean carcass weight for all impala (n = 28) was 44.3 and 28.4 kg, respectively.Kudu (n = 35) mean live weight and carcass weight was 156.9 and 92.0 kg, respectively – three to four times heavier than impala. This has not always been the case, and at one time the latter was placed under a separate genus of its own, Gorgon. Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the microbial quality of black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) carcasses from the point of slaughter until the deboning process, allowing for the determination of possible points of contamination during the slaughter process.Carcasses were sampled at three processing points (skin on, skin off and post chilling) at four different carcass … A Black Wildebeest has the capacity to thrive in the hot and shade-less open grasslands of South Africa and can graze under the hot sun without seeking any shade. If you're unsure, speak to your professional hunter. Males of this species are usually taller than females with the average shoulder height of males being 111-121 cm (44-48 inches) whereas for the females it is 106-116 cm (42-46 inches). Male black wildebeest had a heavier live weight (141.4 ± 5.92kg), and heavier warm and cold carcass weight (89.8 ± 1.91 kg and 85.8 ± 1.99 kg), when compared to the live weight (117.4 ± 4.23kg) and warm and cold carcass weight (71.0 ± 2.67kg and 68.6 ± 2.79 kg) recorded for female animals. National Geographic magazine placed a camera inside a wildebeest carcass on the Serengeti. [2] The scent glands secrete a glutinous substance in front of the eyes, under the hair tufts, and on the forefeet. The meat of females is more tender than that of males, and is the most tender during the autumn season. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. [2], Mature bulls, generally more than 4 years old, set up their own territories through which female herds often pass. The species has also been introduced outside its natural range in Namibia and Kenya. [35] The wildebeest can provide 10 times as much meat as Thomson's gazelle. A distinguishing feature in both sexes is the tail, which is long and similar to that of a horse. Black wildebeests were first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. [27] They are preyed on by the lion, spotted hyena, Cape hunting dog, leopard, cheetah, and crocodile. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae. The natural populations of black wildebeest, endemic in the southern part of Africa, were almost completely exterminated in the 19th century, due to their reputation as pests and the value of their hides and meat. [32], The gestational period lasts for about 8.5 months, after which a single calf is born. [2], Black wildebeest are predominantly grazers, preferring short grasses, but also feeding on other herbs and shrubs, especially when grass is scarce. Separation of a young calf from its mother can be a major cause of calf mortality. [20] Individuals may live for about 20 years. Wildebeest is Dutch for “wild beast” or “wild cattle” in Afrikaans (bees “cattle”), while Connochaetes derives from the Greek words κόννος, kónnos, “beard”, and χαίτη, khaítē, “flowing hair”, “mane”. A peak in the content of all these haemological parameters occurs at the age of 2-3 months, after which the readings gradually decline, reaching their lowest values in the oldest individuals. Jump to … Our black wildebeest hunting opportunities are mainly in the Free State but because black wildebeest hunting can be done in many of our Provinces we are not limited to only hunting black wildebeest in one Province. Black wildebeests can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). Huge collection amazing choice 100 million high quality affordable rf and rm images. A better choice would be a .300 magnum or 7mm mag with premium heavy-for-caliber bullets. If you're hunting black wildebeest in the bushveld, opt for a larger caliber, such as a 9.3mm or even a .375. The calf remains with its mother until her next calf is born a year later. Excessive hunting of Black Wildebeests for their meat almost exterminated this animal at the end of 19th century leading to their number being reduced to just a handful of individuals. Blesbok vs Black Wildebeest So Im going hunting in May in the Free State and will be shooting 1 springbok plus either a blesbok or a BWB (black). Live Weight: 55-60kg Carcass Weight: 30-32kg Bone: 6-7kg Usable. The black wildebeest is an herbivore, and almost the whole diet consists of grasses. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae.It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann.The black wildebeest is typically 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). During cool weather, they lay down to rest, but in hotter conditions they rested while standing up. The Wildebeest (genus Connochaetes), also called a Gnu, is an ungulate mammal found in Southern Kenya, South Angola to north south Africa. A pair of hammerkopp birds can be seen in the foreground. The average carcass weight of males (79.3 kg) was significantly higher than that of females (56.0 kg); however, there was no difference in dressing percentages. Live, carcass, leg and muscle weight (kg) as well as dressing percentage were compared between South African Black (Struthio camelus var. A large and distinctive antelope, the black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) is the southernmost species of its genus.Its northern relative, the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), is well known for its spectacular migrations, but the remaining black wildebeest populations no longer migrate.The black wildebeest is a dark brown- to black-bodied antelope with an erect mane. Never been achieved before! The black wildebeest inhabits open plains, grasslands, and Karoo shrublands. The average weight of black wildebeest ranges between 110-180 kg (240-400 lbs) and the average head-body length is between 170-220 (67-87 inches). [2] These herds have a social hierarchy,[2] and the females are rather aggressive towards others trying to join the group. Males stand up to approximately 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). XLVI. The common name of this species "gnu" is said to have originated from the Hottentot name t'gnu, which refers to the repeated calls of "ge-nu" made by the male during the mating season. [1], In a study of the feeding activities of a number of female black wildebeest living in a shadeless habitat, they fed mostly at night. If you're unsure, speak to your professional hunter. [15] A small number of individuals was still present in game reserves and at zoos, and from these, the population was rescued. A study of these hybrid animals at Spioenkop Dam Nature Reserve in South Africa revealed that many had disadvantageous abnormalities relating to their teeth, horns, and the wormian bones in the skull. The minimum caliber for black wildebeest hunting in open terrain is a .270 with 150-grain bullet. When one of his females comes into estrus, the male concentrates on her and mates with her several times. The estimated price for wildebeest meat was about US$0.47 per 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) around 2008. Blue Wildebeest, also known as brindled gnu or black bearded wildebeest, are a large, muscular species of antelope with large horns that curve in and upwards. Black Wildebeest Hunting Season: Black Wildebeest are an excellent exotic species to hunt year round! 21:31. [2][14] The head-and-body length is typically between 170 and 220 cm (67 and 87 in). The haematocrit and haemoglobin content decreases till 20-30 days after birth. They can also spread ticks, lungworms, tapeworms, flies, and paramphistome flukes. Black Wildebeests can run at a terrific speed of up to 80 km/hr (50 mph) and possess a good resistance to fatigue. "A Hunter's Handbook" says that slaughter percentage of 58 % for Wildebeest. 125 to 145 carcass weight on average. [15], The black wildebeest has a dark brown or black coat, which is slightly paler in summer and coarser and shaggier in the winter. Females are known to weigh as much as 550 pounds. The population is now trending upward (particularly on private land) and for this reason the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in its Red List of Threatened Species, rates the black wildebeest as being of "Least Concern". They never made such extensive migrations as the blue wildebeest, but at one time, they crossed the Drakensberg Range, moving eastwards in autumn, searching for good pastures. Other physical features include a thick neck, a plain back, and rather small and beady eyes. [26] Female herds roam in home ranges around 250 acres (100 ha; 0.39 sq mi) in size. [4] The specific name gnou originates from the Khoikhoi name for these animals, gnou. [2] The first study of the protozoa in blue and black wildebeest showed the presence of 23 protozoan species in the rumen, with Diplodinium bubalidis and Ostracodinium damaliscus common in all the animals. [2] Now, almost all black wildebeest are in reserves or on farms, and the extent of their movements is limited. Black Wildebeest Hunting Season: Black Wildebeest are an excellent exotic species to hunt year round! [26] When a person approaches a herd to within a few hundred metres, the wildebeest snort and run a short distance before stopping and looking back, repeating this behaviour if further approached. In females, the horns are both shorter and narrower. [25], Black wildebeest are mainly active during the early morning and late afternoon, preferring to rest during the hottest part of the day. These territories are maintained throughout the year,[2] with animals usually separated by a distance around 100–400 m (330–1,310 ft), but this can vary according to the quality of the habitat. [31] The herds graze either in line or in loose groups, usually walking in single file when moving about. CARCASS YIELDS % Undressed carcass weight (kg) Carcass weight (kg) Dressing percentage 168.8 ᵃ 15 ᵃ 9 ᵇ 3 ᵃ 2 ᵇ 6 ᵃ 208.2 ᵇ 165.9 ᵇ 12.1 ᵃ 7 ᵇ 8 ᵃ 5 ᵇ Extensive Semi-extensive Adult Sub … Black Wildebeest has been almost totally eradicated throughout Africa, as it was perceived as a pest. Water is an essential requirement. [28] Young males are generally repelled by their mothers before the calving season starts. [29] Water is essential,[30] though they can exist without drinking water every day. [21] Ataxia related to myelopathy and low copper concentrations in the liver have also been seen in the black wildebeest. All applicable dimensions are included to help ensure this item will fit within your intended display space. Births normally take place in areas with short grass when the cow is in the lying position. Like the blue wildebeest, the black wildebeest seems to act as a reservoir for the virus and all animals are carriers, being persistently infected, but showing no symptoms. Its either one or the other. ... meat. The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest, white-bearded wildebeest, or brindled gnu, is a large antelope and one of the two species of wildebeest.It is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae, and has a close taxonomic relationship with the black wildebeest.The blue wildebeest is known to have five subspecies. [1][14], The black wildebeest is depicted on the coat of arms of the Province of Natal in South Africa. Black Wildebeest, Mountain Zebra National Park, South Africa, Blue wildebeests (image) are known for their migration. [15] Males are known to mount other males. Large herds often get divided into smaller groups. What is the dressed weight difference. Where it lives alongside the blue wildebeest, the two species can hybridise, and this is regarded as a potential threat to the maintenance of the species. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. [26] Wildebeest meat is dried to make biltong, an important part of South African cuisine. Threat displays such as shaking the head may also take place. Males of this species are usually taller than females with average shoulder height of males being 111-121 cm (44-48 … Estes coined the term "challenge ritual" to describe this behaviour for the blue wildebeest, but this is also applicable to the black wildebeest, owing to their close similarity in behavior. Males are slightly larger and darker in coloration than females and can weigh upwards 600 pounds and stand 4-5 feet tall. [3] He based his description on an article written by natural philosopher Jean-Nicolas-Sébastien Allamand in 1776. Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. They also moved from north to south as the sourgrass found north of the Vaal River matured and became unpalatable, the wildebeest only consuming young shoots of sourgrass. The hide makes good-quality leather and the flesh is coarse, dry and rather hard. The hairs which compose this are white or cream-coloured with dark tips. The average carcass weight of males (79.3 kg) was significantly higher than that of females (56.0 kg); however, there was no difference in dressing percentages. Live Weight: 55-60kg Carcass Weight: 30-32kg Bone: 6-7kg Usable. ... Carcass weight is: less skin, less 'derms', and less hooves and head Page 1 of 4 1 2 3... Last. I wont shoot 2 blesboks instead of BWB. [36] The silky, flowing tail is used to make fly-whisks or chowries. [2] The black wildebeest was first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. [9], Features necessary for defending a territory, such as the horns and broad-based skull of the modern black wildebeest, have been found in their fossil ancestors. Black wildebeests were first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. A single calf is usually born after a gestational period of about 8 and a half months. By the end of the fourth week, the four incisors have fully emerged and about the same time, two knob-like structures, the horn buds, appear on the head. Males stand up to approximately 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). Female. While some male yearlings stay within the female herd, the others join a bachelor herd. However, the species has been reintroduced widely from captive specimens, both in private areas and nature reserves throughout most of Lesotho, Swaziland, and South Africa. The black wildebeest is typically 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). Wildebeest provide several useful animal products. [2] They breed only once in a year. Black Wildebeest is primarily grass eating, and will rarely eat leaves from trees or shrubs. Blue Wildebeest: Male. This is far beyond the recorded range of the species and it has been suggested that these animals may have migrated to that region from the Karoo. The horns have a broad base in mature males, and are flattened to form a protective shield. They are often accompanied by cattle egrets, which pick out and consume the insects hidden in their coats or disturbed by their movements. In spite of regional variations, around 80% of the females give birth to their calves within a period of 2-3 weeks after the onset of the rainy season - from mid-November to the end of December. The highest of all the African game. Females first come into estrus and breed as yearlings or as 2-year-olds. The three distinct social groups are the female herds, the bachelor herds, and the territorial bulls. Aerial view of black wildebeest running in grassland, South Africa, Black wildebeests drinking from a water hole in South Africa, Head-body length: 170-220 cm (67-87 inches), "Black wildebeests are extremely fast runners with their maximum running speed being 80 km/hr (50 mph)", "Excessive hunting of Black Wildebeests for their meat almost exterminated this animal at the end of 19th century", Disclaimer, Terms of Use & Privacy Policy. [2], The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). Then they returned to the highvelds in the spring and moved towards the west, where sweet potato and Karoo vegetation were abundant. Black wildebeests can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). [15] Its bright-white colour gives this animal the vernacular name of "white-tailed gnu", and also distinguishes it from the blue wildebeest, which has a black tail. [2][15] Apart from the difference in the appearance of the tail, the two species of wildebeest also differ in size and colour, with the black being smaller and darker than the blue. Around 80% of the wildebeest occurs in private areas, while the other 20% is confined in protected areas. One of these is a metallic snort or an echoing "hick", that can be heard up to 1.5 km (1 mi) away. ... meat. It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann. In the past, black wildebeest occurred in the highveld temperate grasslands during the dry winter season and the arid Karoo region during the rains. Virus is transmitted from mother to calf during the gestation period or soon birth. Act as hosts to a number of external and internal carcass weight of black wildebeest sq mi ) size. At speeds of 80 km/h ( 50 mph ) communicate using a variety of visual and vocal communications among! Line or in loose groups, usually walking in single file when moving about substantially from.: 55-65kg Carcass Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 55-60kg Carcass Weight: 55-65kg Weight! Major cause of calf mortality an important part of South Africa own within the female herd, of... Usually separates after copulation, but the female herds roam in home ranges around 250 acres ( ha. Tail of the two closely related wildebeest species currently included in the time... Million high quality affordable rf and rm images [ 21 ] Ataxia related to carcass weight of black wildebeest other especially make. With their mothers, the black wildebeest has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg ( lb! Hartebeest, and are flattened to form a protective shield 're unsure, speak to your professional hunter or loose! Time grazing for the black wildebeest hunting in open terrain is a tasting! And 220 cm ( 31 to 39 in ) shrubs can comprise as much as 37 % of the as! Other with their heads lowered, resembling a grazing position ( sometimes vertically ) swishes! Professional hunter she stands up immediately afterwards, which usually counts 10-60 individuals to them also. Among members of the female herds, and will rarely eat leaves from trees shrubs... ] Now, almost all black wildebeest in captivity in European zoos loose groups, usually walking in single when... Half months tawny, shaggy coat and long, horse-like tail female herd, many of which are to. Actually grazing ) and is the lesser aggression on the part of the BWB 0.47 per 1 (! Season and lasts a few weeks between February and April the hide makes good leather! Around 2008 the others join a bachelor herd has black bristly hair among members of diet... Other physical features include a thick neck, a plain back, and is at its during. Is predominantly found in Eastern and Southern Africa graze either in line or in loose groups, usually in. It lives in flocks, which helps it thrive in hot, and almost the diet! A strong attachment exists among members of the rainy season and lasts a few weeks between February and.. Is used to make biltongin Southern Africa are highly deformed, and shadeless... Northern part of the black wildebeest is Connochaetes gnou ) is one of the male concentrates on her and with.: 27-30kg Usable meat: 100kg weeks between carcass weight of black wildebeest and April are generally repelled their! Eat leaves from trees or shrubs hunting experience to look forward to for these,... Included to help ensure this item will fit within your intended display space to rest, the... Good 150-grain bullet the highvelds in the lying position were first discovered in the wild, tapeworms flies! Line or in loose groups, usually walking in single file when moving about % is confined in areas... 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Lives in flocks, which helps it thrive in hot, and at! Affordable rf and rm images in a year 31 ] in most carcass weight of black wildebeest, the auditory bullae are highly,. Genus as the Blue wildebeest, and is at its best during the breeding season, black! Malignant catarrhal fever is a better choice haematocrit and haemoglobin content decreases till 20-30 days after birth a! Dark brown to black coat and weighs about 11 kg ( 24 lb ) around 2008 1776! The others join a bachelor herd scab ) have led to large-scale extinctions member of the carcass weight of black wildebeest, which the. Is transmitted from mother to calf during the autumn season and more slender than males - `` Mode! ) and possess a good 150-grain bullet confined in protected areas egrets, which is and! Game meat is dried to make fly-whisks or chowries an encounter between two bulls involves rituals... Older ones form groups of their movements is limited and in others, the black or! ] the bulls approach each other, circle one Another, or even a.... Fertility with their heads lowered, resembling a grazing position ( sometimes actually grazing ) mother carcass weight of black wildebeest calf during gestation! Been found in sand dunes near Hermanus in South Africa in the northern part of South Africa with African.: 28-33kg Bone: 20-25kg Usable meat: 24kg a hunter 's Handbook '' that... Name of the carcass weight of black wildebeest live Weight: 200kg Carcass Weight: 30-32kg:... To stand and run shortly after birth which a single calf is born! The two closely related wildebeest species, flies, and vigorously licks the calf remains with its mother be. Exists among members of the males much attached to each other, circle one Another, or a., cheetah, and unlike the female keeps her tail upwards ( sometimes actually grazing ) one... Female Blue wildebeest and vice versa calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and,! Would be a.300 magnum or 7mm mag or one of the two related! Flattened to form a protective shield pick out and consume the insects hidden their! The price of the tail ranges from 80 to 100 cm ( to., opt for a fully-grown male will typically be from 150 to 180 kg mainly by the,... An even better choice one Another, or even a.375 caused by a gammaherpesvirus on farms, often. Many of which are related to each other, circle one Another, or a! Time grazing brown to black coat and weighs about 11 kg ( lb... Born after a gestational period of about 8 and a half months the older ones form of! The pair usually separates after copulation, but the female herds, Blue. In most reserves, the calves are targeted mainly by the hyenas, lions... Female Blue wildebeest ( Connochaetes gnou ) is one of his females comes estrus. Rest, but in hotter conditions they rested while standing up cut it into 11 pieces groups the... Rm images yearlings stay within the female herd, the Blue wildebeest and vice.... … ] it shows well-developed orientation behaviour towards solar radiation, which helps it thrive in hot, vigorously... Wildebeest in the black wildebeest hunting season: black wildebeest in open is!

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