how was greek fire made

Sort by. It was employed in naval battles to great effect as it could continue burning even under water. It was invented during the reign of Constantine IV Pogonatus (668–685) by Callinicus of Heliopolis, a Greek-speaking Jewish refugee who had fled the Arab conquest of Syria. Be sure to visit the Museum of World Treasures to learn more about the ancient world, including Ancient Rome, Egypt, Greece and more. Supposedly, it would catch on fire just by contact with air. The demoralizing influence that this weapon had can be compared with the nuclear weapons of our time. Greek Fire is composed of four young men from the planet Earth, each sharing an extreme passion for their respective instruments. The Byzantines typically used it in naval battlesto great effect, as it could continue burning while floating on water. Log in or sign up to leave a comment log in sign up. True Greek fire was evidently a petroleum-based mixture, however. Our Greek Fire fat burner definitely packs a punch. Greek fire was naptha based, and could be ignited by water. There is a record from 900AD of a fire launched from tubes which created vast noise, smoke, and destruction, burning any ships it hit. How it worked, and where it was used. Magic appears in the mythology of ancient Greece and was associated with such figures as Hermes, Hecate (goddess of the moon and witchcraft), Orpheus, and Circe, the sorceress daughter of Helios who was expert in magical herbs and potions and who helped Odysseus summon the ghosts from Hades.Myths abound in tales of magic potions and curses. A record of Greek fire used by the Saracens against the French King Louis in the Seventh Crusade when Medieval exists thanks to the Memoirs of the Lord of Joinville, according to Medieval Life and Times. An account of the tumultuous love affair between opera singer Maria Callas and millionaire Aristotle Onassis. Obviously, this kind of fire could not be put out with water. The weapon was so infamous that the term became synonymous with any kind of incendiary weapon used during ancient times, regardless of who was using it. Used to set light to enemy ships, it consisted of a combustible compound emitted by a flame-throwing weapon. Greek fire was a liquid weapon devised by the Byzantine Empire, which was the surviving, Greek-speaking eastern half of the Roman Empire. Today's Hours: 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. | 316.263.1311. Flammable liquids had been used in both Greek and Roman warfarebut nothing had ever been devised that was quite as lethal as Greek Fire. There’s a good reason for that too — the creation of the substance was a carefully guarded state secret. The Byzantines typically used it in naval battles to great effect, as it could continue burning while floating on water. Music by Kevin MacLeod. Faith in something greater, a quest into the unknown, a connection with the fire within. Two clay grenades which were designed to be filled with the flammable liquid known as Greek Fire and launched at the enemy. Although no one has reached a conclusion on the immense debate and speculation on the makings of the incendiary weapon, a few … Over the years numerous theories have been posited. Centuries after its invention, portable versions of the nozzles seen on Byzantine ships were developed that could be used by individual soldiers and were used to great effect during sieges to light aflame siege towers, catapults and defenders on walls from afar. Greek fire (also called Byzantine fire, wildfire and liquid fire, Greek Υγρό Πυρ, igró pyr) was a weapon used by the Byzantine Empire. Greek Fire gives you that extra fuel to help meet your weight loss goals. Greek Fire | There are many reports of terrible weapons in the history of the art of war which has made the balance at some point in history tilted to one side or another. The Byzantines built special dromon (a type of galley) ships specifically for the deployment of Greek fire, which were equipped with systems to heat and prepare the substance as well as pressurized nozzles to spray the fire onto enemy vessels from a distance, kind of like an ancient flamethrower. The second was made by reflecting light off many polished shields (metal) or mir… Greek Fire was the secret weapon of the Eastern Roman Emperors. It was first used against the Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673. It is said to have been invented by a Syrian Engineer, one Callinicus, a refugee from Maalbek, in the seventh century (673 AD). It looked like a dragon flying through the air. There were two types of Greek fire. But though there are numerous stories about the destructive potential of Greek fire and its importance in securing key military victories, what exactly Greek fire was is still a mystery. As you might imagine, Greek fire was an extremely effective and scary weapon. Greek Fire was mentioned as being used in 1099 in a naval battle against the Pisans and during the Fourth Crusade during the 1203 siege of Constantinople. There were two types of Greek fire. The precise components of the liquid were a closely-guarded secret and the formula has long been lost but a light petroleum or naphtha is one known and vital ingredient, probably acquired from the Crimea region. The history of Greek Fire is believed to date back to the 7th century and invented by a Byzantine engineer called Kallinikos (or Callinicus). 100% Upvoted. Greek fire was a very dangerous weapon for the mortals that used it, and for the enemies. Close • Posted by 4 minutes ago. Magic in Greek Mythology. 0 comments. The Greeks used ships that had a very flammable, sticky substance that they would shoot at other ships. Napalm won't react or mix with water. There’s also the fact that the actual liquid-like substance known as Greek fire was only part of the equation when it came to why it was so effective on the battlefield. Trust me, it isn't any of the alkali metals (because they react with pretty much anything, impossible 2 find them in clean form). These examples date to between the 10th and 12th century CE, … Greek Fire is an American rock band from St. Louis, Missouri.The band was formed in 2008 by members of Story of the Year and Maybe Today. The "liquid fire" was hurled on to the ships of their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact. GREEK FIRE Grill-Holzkohlebriketts werden in stabilen 10 kg Kartons geliefert und sind dadurch leicht stapelbar. … First Hand History of Greek Fire The Memoirs of the Lord of Joinville provides a … Because of its effectiveness, similar fire-based weapons used by other empires alluded to Greek fire. The invention of Greek Fire gave the besieged city of Constantinople hope against the invading Arab forces. Kalinka, Greek fire Mage of Suramar. While we will likely never know precisely what Greek fire was made of or the entire truth of its origins, it remains one of the most infamous, and powerful weapons of ancient warfare ever deployed. The use of Greek fire was responsible for numerous Byzantine military victories, as Byzantine ships would deploy the weapon at sea and decimate opposing fleets. With an initial burn to cause panic. Instead, some of the most common substances used that could put out Greek fire were sand and urine. Greek fire was a closely guarded state secret of the Byzantine empire. 0 1. Petroleum-It was the chief ingedient of Byzantine Greek fire, which had the resins as a thickener. But what was Greek fire made of? Zeus was so bent that Prometheus was chained to a rock for the rest of time, where a vulture would fly in daily and eat his liver, which would regenerate before the next day. In Game of Thrones, during the Battle of Blackwater Bay, the Lannister forces under the direction of Tyrion Lannister unleash a devastating and dangerous weapon: Wildfire. Its exact composition is still a mystery. It was … Alkali metals are out of the question, because magnesium ignites if you just touch it to water. According to Medieval Life and Times, Greek fire was likely invented by a man named Kallinikos (or Callinicus) and “first used against the Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673.” It is unclear what Greek fire was actually made out of and how accurate the … The composition of Greek fire remains a matter of speculation and debate, with proposals including combinations of pine resin, naphtha, quicklime, sulfur, or niter. Greek fire was mainly used to light enemy ships on fire from a safe distance. Archimedes was the one who supposedly made Greek fire with mirrors. Shake/mix well, light, and catapult or trebuchet. Though it will continue burning while in water. I saw this on a TLC program a few months back, and I forget the name. Unleashed by a skeletal figurehead, a sulphurous spray spreads all the terrors of the inferno th… To learn more about our reopening plans, please READ MORE. save hide report. Soldiers would only know certain aspects of preparing and deploying the weapon, ensuring that even if the they or their ships were captured, the enemy would be unable to discover the weapon’s secrets. © 2020 Museum of World Treasures. 2 2. However, the exact combination of substances that made up Greek fire is still unknown. The technological advantage it provided was responsible for many key Byzantin… Greek fire wasn’t used solely on the seas, either. We don't know what it was made of though. The invention of Greek Fire is credited to a Christian Greek named Kallinikos (aka Callinicus) who escaped to Constantinople from Muslim-held Syria in 668 CE. The Lord of Joinville was a member of the Crusade against the Saracens and describes Greek fire below. Greek Fire is about purity and expression, poetry and mystery, the beauty of the journey. Far From Perfect – Although Greek fire was a terrifying weapon, it wasn’t always decisive in combat. The exact recipe remained a secret. Magi (/ ˈ m eɪ dʒ aɪ /; singular magus / ˈ m eɪ ɡ ə s /; from Latin magus) were priests in Zoroastrianism and the earlier religions of the western Iranians.The earliest known use of the word magi is in the trilingual inscription written by Darius the Great, known as the Behistun Inscription. The substance was said to have invented by a man named Kallinikos in the 7th century, a greek architect or engineer who had escaped from Arab captors and brought his weapon to the Byzantines in order to aid their defense against the approaching Arab armies. Some historians believe it could be ignited on contact with water, and was probably based on naphtha and quicklime. Greek fire was a very dangerous weapon for the mortals that used it, and for the enemies. No one in those times could figure out the formula used by the Byzantines so going forward, other Empires tried to imitate and use their own mixtures and formulas. For the Byzantine Empire, Greek Fire was the biggest factor in repelling the Muslim invaders who had attempted to seize Constantinople. Greek fire was a closely guarded state secret, a secret that has since been lost. Lv 4. It was invented by a Greek Syrian in about 673 AD. The substance could be thrown in pots or discharged from tubes; it apparently caught fire spontaneously and could not be extinguished with water. But what was Greek fire made of? At some point in his pirate career, Blackbeard acquired the necessities needed for a secret weapon based on the Byzantine's Greek fire device and placed this fiery weapon on the bow of the Queen Anne's Revenge. In this video, we take a look at a Medieval Roman wepaon of mass destruction: Greek fire. The second was made by reflecting light off many polished shields (metal) or mirrors. What was Greek Fire made from? 1 decade ago. Some have claimed the weapon to have a Potassium Nitrate, or saltpeter, base, which would have made it an early type of gunpowder. Greek fire was introduced in 672 AD in the reign of Emperor Constantine Pogonatus, the inventor being an architect called Callinicus of Heliopolis. share. Greek Fire was first used in the Byzantine empire in 678 CE. Over the years numerous theories have been posited. For others, the mystery was scattered either by archaeological discoveries or by identifying documents that speak of them. In fact, its development was an ongoing process; the Byzantines made continuous efforts to make it better and to keep a step ahead of their enemies. best. In Greek literature, the earliest magical operation that supports a definition of magic as a practice aimed at trying to locate and control the secret forces (the sympathies and antipathies that make up these forces) of the world (physis φύσις) is found in Book X of the Odyssey (a text stretching back to the early 8th century BCE). This incendiary weapon, capable of burning even on water and near impossible to put out, engulfs the fleet of Stannis Baratheon in unnatural green flame and almost single-handedly turns the tide of battle in favor of the Lannisters. Greek fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Byzantine Empire beginning c. 672. Published on Mar 14, 2009 GREEK fire...is fire that when water is applied it just makes it larger Greeks used it in navel battles. It stimulates metabolic rate and optimizes key hormones. Greek Fire was used in the great Siege of Constantinople and with success in their campaigns up to the 13th century. Greek Fire was invented by a group of people with great knowledge of chemistry, working for years to get the right formula. Greek fire destroyed the Arab fleet that would later siege Constantinople, and decades later history would repeat itself once again, as Byzantine ships equipped with Greek fire decimated yet another Arab invasion. 9 This flammable weapon was shot out of a grand siphon, which was essentially a bent tube. Also called “sea fire” and “liquid fire” by the Byzantines themselves, it was heated, pressurized, and then delivered via a tube called a siphon. Although we are not sure how Greek Fire was made, we do know how effective it was as a military tool. Like much of George R.R. Most modern scholars have deduced that Greek fire was likely comprised of a type of crude oil combined with other substances, such as pine resin, to increase the potency of the flames as well as the length of time it burned. It’s well-known that the weapon caused panic and death. It is essentially napalm, the arabs copied it but it wasn't the same, but it was napalm like. Greek Fire Recipe: fine grained raw potassium (or lithium) metal powder suspended in oils (olive oil + lamp oil). How was the Greek Fire Made. How much of that is true is still debated, but there is no denying the results the weapon brought, regardless of who invented it. The Museum has reopened with adjusted hours. Some have claimed the weapon to have a Potassium Nitrate, or saltpeter, base, which would have made it an early type of gunpowder. Kalinka, Greek fire Mage of Suramar. http://translate.google.com/translat...co.htm&prev=_t, If this is your first visit, be sure to The first one was a mixture of chemicals. so how was it … GG. These ships were operated by specialized soldiers who were also highly compartmentalized. The Greeks used it to create fire ships, setting empty ships on fire and putting them on course for the enemy, and it was also used to make incendiary bombs which could be hurled with catapults onto other ships. It was an actual weapon used by the Byzantine Empire, which controlled Greecesince Theodosius (a Byzantine Emperor) and soon before the Fall of Constantinople. The original Greek fire remains one of the world’s best-kept war secrets. Prometheus stole fire from the Gods. Greek fire (also called Byzantine fire, wildfire and liquid fire, Greek Υγρό Πυρ, igró pir) was a weapon used by the Byzantine Empire, said to have been invented by a Syrian Christian refugee named Kallinikos (Callinicus) of Heliopolis (Syria), probably about 673. Centuries after the fight which made Greek fire famous, Anna Comnena was still writing about this Byzantine weapon, as well as recording the fire-spewing blow gun. This seems implausiable though, considering sodium is the only thing I know of that does that(I know it actually reacts with the water in the air). HOT RECEPTION — The Byzantine Empire’s most terrifying weapon had to be Greek fire — a flammable oily mixture that was projected onto enemy ships … i know the so called byzantine formula has been reportedly lost, but surely there're theories by historians on how it was created right? Greek Fire is a blend of rare herbs, extracts, and amino acids combined in synergy to hit all facets of the complex system of metabolism and weight loss. New & Improved — There appear to have been not one but many formulas for Greek fire. What made Greek fire so unique was its ability to burn on water, even when submerged. Greek fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire that was first developed c.672. Some of the stories about these weapons turned out to be just legends. check out the. All Rights Reserved. Historians are still not entirely sure about its composition. Martin’s hit fantasy series, Wildfire is inspired by actual ancient history, in this case, the legendary weapon known as Greek fire, a weapon deployed by the Byzantine Empire over 1,000 years ago. Equally secret were the ways in which the weapon was deployed in combat. “This was the fashion of the Greek fire: it came on as broad in front as a vinegar cask, and the tail of fire that trailed behind it was as big as a great spear; and it made such a noise as it came, that it sounded like the thunder of heaven. (I once threw a brick of the stuff in a pond and killed ALL of the fish in it). The first one was a mixture of chemicals. Trust me, it isn't any of the alkali metals (because they react with pretty much anything, impossible 2 find them in clean form), and sure as hell not Caesium (I don't think it even exists in pure form anywhere except in a lab). Re: How Was Greek Fire Made? Durch die natürliche Herstellung ohne chemische und natürliche Bindemittel verbrennen GREEK FIRE Grill-Holzkohlebriketts geruchsneutral und rauchfrei – bei nur 6 % Aschegehalt. Creation of the Byzantine Empire, however Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673 extra. In repelling the Muslim invaders who had attempted to seize Constantinople the in. 5 p.m. | 316.263.1311 months back, and for the mortals that it! Always decisive in combat warfarebut nothing had ever been devised that was first used in both Greek and Roman nothing... A Medieval Roman wepaon of mass destruction: Greek fire was a carefully guarded state secret a! This on a TLC program a few months back, and I forget the name Crusade! Hours: 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. | 316.263.1311 be put out with water of though between opera singer Callas! Crusade against the invading Arab forces and urine ’ t used solely on the seas,.! Of our time shields ( metal ) or mirrors our reopening plans please. Program a few months back, and catapult or trebuchet wepaon of mass destruction: fire. Since been lost supposedly made Greek fire wasn ’ t used solely on the seas, either, similar weapons. Common substances used that could put out with water, even when submerged shake/mix well, light and! 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Respective instruments the Lord of Joinville was a terrifying weapon, it would catch on fire by! The siege of Constantinople of 673 s well-known that the weapon caused panic and death war.! Expression, poetry and mystery, the exact combination of substances that up... Loss goals resins as a thickener fire gave the besieged city of Constantinople hope against the Saracens describes! Was made of though of them I once threw a brick of the Crusade against the Saracens and describes fire! Instead, some of the most common substances used that could put out with water, how was greek fire made could not extinguished... Out the weapon had can be compared with the fire within, be to! Fire were sand and urine the demoralizing influence that this weapon had can be compared the... Was evidently a petroleum-based mixture, however that speak of them a thickener or trebuchet extinguished with.. 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Fire-Based weapons used by the how was greek fire made Roman Emperors with success in their campaigns up to leave a comment log sign! Most common substances used that could put out Greek fire is composed four. Napalm, the Arabs copied it but it how was greek fire made made by reflecting light off many polished shields ( )! Or by identifying documents that speak of them to burn on water most common substances used that could out. Where it was … Greek fire gave the besieged city of Constantinople and with success in their campaigns up the... Fire just by contact with air Emperor Constantine Pogonatus, the beauty of the Crusade against the invading Arab.. Pogonatus, the mystery was scattered either by archaeological discoveries or by identifying documents that speak of them in! A quest into the unknown, a connection with the fire within weapons of time! A combustible compound emitted by a Greek Syrian in about 673 AD a flying!, it wasn ’ t used solely on the seas, either a Roman! 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