characteristics of seahorse

The largest seahorse species (pictured here) is Hippocampus abdominalis, or the big-bellied seahorse, which can reach more than a foot long (35 cm) and lives in the waters off Southern Australia and New Zealand.The smallest seahorse, Satomi's pygmy seahorse … The seahorse is a vertebrate fish and is a close relative of the pipefish. There are more than 50 individual Seahorse species on our planet. Humans harvest seahorses at unsustainable survival rates in many areas of the world. Having a head and neck suggestive of a horse, seahorses also feature segmented bony armo… They are commonly found  in Australianscoasts. This  is the main difference  with the  others species of seahorses, but at the same time, the sea dragon can change  its color to camouflage as the others  species do which depends ( as in  others species ) on the environment. They all have the same relative shape, size, food source, and habitat. General Characteristics. Read on to learn about the seahorse. This reproductive process is the main characteristic of these creatures. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The seahorse is also known by his  scientific name as Hippocampus, is part of a set of marine fish comprising the family Syngnathidae. Since seahorses are toothless creatures, they have to suck in the live food through their long snouts. During  the first days of life , the young seahorses , keep  going in and out of the father’s body puch. Cultivation of Algae: Microalgae, Macro algae and more…, Fish That Feed On Seaweeds: Everything you should know about them…, Diatoms Algae : Uses, properties and much more about this species, Everything You Should know about White Shrimps, Freshwater Fish: Characteristics, types…. For this reason  researchers must be very precise      when describing  the characteristics of each species. The foliate sea dragon  is characterized  by having extensions  similar to the figure of leaves, thus in many occasions the composition of his body, relates to the algae due to their similarity. The  male’s  body experiences internal  changes  in order to improve the gestation . This fluid   covers a portion  of the eggs which is outside the tissues that make up the bag. The smallest seahorse is Indonesia’s Satomi’s pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus satomiae) with an average length of 13.8 mm.The largest species is Australia’s Big Bellied seahorse … The number of offspring is among 10 to 400., it depends on the breeding and species. His body  experiences  stiffness,  that prevents him from swimming as  other species of fish,  this is the reason why   seahorse moves in an upright position , with help of his dorsal fin which drives his horizontal movements. They prefer warm waters, with temperatures between 3o C and 28oC, which is another distinctive characteristic of their habitat. The Seahorse belongs to the same family as pipe fishes and sea dragons. In this species the male tends to grow a bit more than the female. They have the ability to suck their prey  entire , since these animals do not have teeth ; so  their food must fit  their  snout without problem. At the same time they have ears that are comprised of tiny bones termed  Otoliths, ;they use them to perceive vibrations in the environment. On the other hand, we should  be moderated, before using   jet skis and other equipment ,  we should know  previously if the  area is populated by seahorses. Comment They are  also distributed on the shores of New Zealand and Australia. They have 9-10 rings around their trunk and 31-32 around their tail. It would be challenging to find marine creatures more intriguing than seahorses. They also use their tail as a weapon when fighting over territory or partners. On the other hand, some species of these animals tend to be territorials ,  females  live  in a  territory not exceeding 100 square meters, and males do not reach a square meter. They feed on copepods, tiny fish, plankton, and brine shrimp and in huge quantities. Just like every dog has a different personality. In the same way, they  count with olfactory pits, which are located just in front of their eyes. ;  since the Pygmy seahorse is one of the smallest,  his diet is reduced to small particles that can be found in the surroundings , even tiny particles of crustacean. They  also inhabit  in the region of the Indo-Pacific waters, including part of the African coast and  the waters of the central Pacific. Leopard Seals: Characteristics, reproduction, habitat and more. This species  is one of the most popular in China, for medicinal purposes. The male has a pouch on his lower abdomen. This animal simulates  a sort of grass or marine plant. Seahorses do not have many aquatic predators to fear. Of course,  all depends on the species. 2. Seahorse courtship begins with a daily "dance," during which the male and female gracefully swim together. The seahorse has an elongated structure made up   a sort of rings that cover their bony plates, which  held together and culminate in the bottom in  a spiral shape, which is actually his tail. A seahorse has 3 main fins. Since they are a bit larger than other species, their diet includes larger animals such as shrimp. The seahorse  is known for being predator of small species of invertebrates. Uniquely, they swim in an upright position which is not efficient and very tiring. The characteristics of this birth leads us to conclude that this means an exhausting physical effort  for  the father, to finally give  birth  his offspring. This peculiar species , is also known by its scientific name of Phycodurus eques. (Shown Left) The gestation of the eggs , takes between 10 days up to six weeks, it depends on the species of seahorse. After  the courtship, the male seahorse expels  his seminal fluid to the environment, and then the female transfers  the eggs to a brood pouch that the male has on his  body, this is done with help of her  genital papilla and   appendix ,which has a measure of about three millimeters long. Seahorses have elongate bodies … Remind students that a seahorse is a type of fish ( It has fins and gills.). There are about 40 known species of seahorse. This type of reproduction is influenced by aspects of the environment, such as temperature, the amount of light and the stream of water. The reproductive method of seahorse procreation is vastly different than that of most other animal species. They control their buoyancy using a swim bladder. They are small and commonly used in aquariums . Sea Cucumbers: Characteristics, reproduction, habitats and more. The seahorse swallows its food supplies whole. This courtship happens every morning for several days -- the final dance can last up to eight hours -- until the couple finally does the deed. Seahorse physical characteristics. According to recent researches , captivity is  the main  threat for seahorses. Others include tuna, stingrays, manta rays, and crabs. This whole process of the entry  and fertilization of eggs in the body of the father , is carried out in just six seconds, this is a guarantee that  eggs will always come from a single female. By . Since this type of activity could cost the life of these creatures. Seahorses mate for life and hold each other’s tails when they travel so they don’t drift apart in the current. The seahorse is a fish named for it’s terrestrial likeness – the horse! Promote the conservation of habitats, which are commonly  tropical coasts where humans have easy access. This type, unlike other species  has a soft and smooth texture on their skin. Decorating Aquariums : The best algae to decorate domestic aquariums…. The seahorse meaning also points out the need to have a fresh new perspective or outlook in life. This species  presents similar  characteristics to  Foliate Sea Dragon, due to the features  of his body  he  camouflages  in an easy way in  his environment. Adult seahorses can measure up to 1 to 30 centimetres in length. Seahorses can range from 0.6 to 14 inches (1.6 – 35 cm) in length. On the other hand, the male  rubs his  pouch  against a solid material, which is  usually  a rock or a shell, this  makes easier  the expulsion of hatchlings. Description of the Seahorse. The anatomy of the seahorse is very interesting. The characteristics of   the hippocampus fish, depend on several things. Seahorses Vary Widely in Size. We work in partnership through a Seahorse Alliance with many organisations and people from all over the world and it is this unique partnership … but there is much more information concerning the meaning of the seahorse. This animal may have a length of about 30 centimeters,  even some of them  can reach  50 cm. In the  last two centuries 120 species of this fish were defined, but  researchers  noticed, that many times they were describing the same species, with some different features. – Source. On the other hand,  unlike other species the Pygmy  seahorse  has a  slim snout. Seahorses prefer to swim in pairs with their tails linked together. We could  say, that  after years of studies to define the species of seahorses, their complexity has complicated the process;  since these animals can change the color of their body and develop new skin filaments to better adapt to the conditions of the environment. We know now,  there are multiple reasons that threaten the existence of several species of seahorses. These bony plates are arranged in rings throughout the animal's body. In this species the male tends to grow a bit more than the female. Seahorses are not good sea swimmers. The male regularly releases more than 1,000 fully formed baby seahorses from his abdomen each time as they are hatch. They do not have a stomach which means their food passes straight through them and their over-active digestive process means they must eat almost continually to stay alive. In addition to the above, it is recommended to  be alert about not catching  seahorses by mistake. In terms of  size,  adults  can reach at least  14 mm up to 30 cm. However  the captivity industry  is not stopped. Seahorses have peculiar eyes which move independently of one another, thus, giving them the ability to detect predators and food from the front and back. These creatures  are commonly  found in  shallow tropical waters. Far Eastern Seahorse Symbolic Meanings . In most other animal species the female is the one to protect the offspring until birth. Facts about seahorse This video from sciencewithkids.com shows different facts about the seahorse. PREDICT THE SIX STAGES OF A SEAHORSE’S LIFE CYCLE WITH STUDENTS. Now, the eggs will be fertilized as they enter in the cavity of the male. Rather than a head out front and a tail in … Apart from those mentioned above , we can´t  ignore the negative effects resulting from the pollution of the sea,  affecting every marine species, specially seahorses who are usually  in small depths. We have selected seven of the most amazing and mind-blowing facts that characterize all seahorses. If you consider having an animal of this species  as a pet , the aquarium must have the same aspects of  his environment  especially the right temperature. At the same time, the body of the male is held to a firm surface with his  tail, during all the gestation process . This type, unlike other species has a soft … Pass out a set of Seahorse Life Cycle Photos to each small group (or use one set as a … This species is distributed mostly in the waters of Australia and also in regions of Indonesia. This happens when they make quick movements, which makes their  skull to come into contact with a part of the outer skeleton. In comparison to other animal species they do not possess abilities to defend themselves from predators , so they use this technique to hide through the coral to avoid to be recognized with the naked eye. Males take care of the offspring from fertilization until they are born, in a unique way. This species is commonly  found in the South of Japan and North of Australia. You’ll find them in the world’s tropical and temperate coastal waters, swimming upright among seaweed and other plants. 7. In fact, on a scale of success rate, the seahorse is the deadliest predator in the water. The seahorse  has a tubular snout, and a mouth that lacks of teeth  . This keeps them stable allowing them to feed and survive. The referred fin  moves at  speed of three times per second ,although the  seahorse is known by swimming slow and leisurely. Facts suggest that they eat around 3,000 brine shrimp daily. They feast on tiny shrimps, fish and planktons. Now, once the eggs are inside the pouch, the father’s body supplies  them  the needed oxygen through a  wrapping tissue. There are about 56  known  species scattered throughout the world. In turn, the seahorse has no stomach and gets used to consume large amounts of food. Gestation is also affected  by the temperature of the water, this is  the reason why this process  is carried out  in specific seasons. Once  the period of gestation has concluded  , in the next step  (depending on the case of the species), the male seahorse expels  the offspring  from his pouch. On the other hand the smallest known species of seahorses, is Hippocampus satomiae, and the largest size is attributed to the species of Hippocampus ingens. Seahorses are tiny fishes that are named for the shape of their head, which looks like the head of a tiny horse. Animals Network Team. Report to the competent authorities about the illegal acts which may contribute to the preservation and care of the various species of seahorses. The female deposits the eggs into the male's reproductive pouch when they mate. Type of Skeleton- A seahorse has an endoskeleton, which means it has an internal skeleton. Seahorses have camouflaging qualities, which makes it difficult to spot them! Seahorses growl when stressed, especially in response … The Effects of Limiting Factors on Seahorse Population There are over 50 different species of seahorses, yet they all have very similar characteristics. . Having his   head  at a right angle with his tail,  has not been seen in any other species of fish, therefore  the seahorse presents unique features in his anatomy. This feature in the seahorse’s  anatomy is  variant, because this animal has the peculiar ability to change the  color of  his  skin to camouflage  in the environment where he lives. There are 35 different species of seahorse which can be found in warm shallow waters all over the world. The size of a seahorse can be as small as ½ inch tall. Seahorse are fish. Seahorses (Hippocampus spp of the family Syngnathidae) are fascinating examples of bony fish.They have a unique body morphology with a horse-shaped head, large eyes, curved trunk, and a prehensile tail. The Dwarf Seahorse’s top speed is 5 feet per hour, making it the slowest-moving fish. As we already know seahorses have no teeth , they can’t  eat  food that is larger in size than them. Line of Symmetry-A seahorse has a bilateral line of symmetry meaning that if cut along a central axis, the left and right half would be congruent. The reproductive method of seahorse procreation is vastly different than that of most other animal species. Seahorse with young emerging from the pouch: Characteristics, reproduction, and. Know seahorses have no teeth, they can be found in warm shallow waters all over world! Same time in both genders stealth animals with huge razor-sharp snarling teeth is its and. Marine life known species, and a tail in … facts about the conservation of habitats which. Hold each other’s tails when they get the closest prey, they count with olfactory pits, is. Feed and survive each other’s tails when they travel so they don’t drift apart in the same shades yet! 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