carcass weight of black wildebeest

[15] A small number of individuals was still present in game reserves and at zoos, and from these, the population was rescued. The average carcass weight of males (79.3 kg) was significantly higher than that of females (56.0 kg); however, there was no difference in dressing percentages. Excessive hunting of Black Wildebeests for their meat almost exterminated this animal at the end of 19th century leading to their number being reduced to just a handful of individuals. Female. It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann. [2] Now, almost all black wildebeest are in reserves or on farms, and the extent of their movements is limited. Wildebeest are a regular target for illegal meat hunters because their numbers make them easy to find. Live Weight: 55-65kg Carcass Weight: 28-33kg Bone: 5-7kg Usable Meat: 24kg. Births normally take place in areas with short grass when the cow is in the lying position. If you're hunting black wildebeest in the bushveld, opt for a larger caliber, such as a 9.3mm or even a .375. Black wildebeests can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). Black Wildebeest, Hartebeest, and Gemsbok Hunting - "Beest Mode" - Duration: 21:31. The primary breeding season for the black wildebeest is from February to April. National Geographic magazine placed a camera inside a wildebeest carcass on the Serengeti. Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. The highest of all the African game. The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest, white-bearded wildebeest, or brindled gnu, is a large antelope and one of the two species of wildebeest.It is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae, and has a close taxonomic relationship with the black wildebeest.The blue wildebeest is known to have five subspecies. The three distinct social groups are the female herds, the bachelor herds, and the territorial bulls. Buffalo are at 50% slaughter weight, because when you gut them and you get rid of all that extra crankiness they carry around. [2] They breed only once in a year. This is a net of 72 dressed weight with only 57 of the original live weight becoming retail cuts. The minimum caliber for black wildebeest hunting in open terrain is a .270 with 150-grain bullet. [33] Seasonal breeding has also been reported among wildebeest in captivity in European zoos. Black Wildebeest is primarily grass eating, and will rarely eat leaves from trees or shrubs. The black wildebeest is an herbivore, and almost the whole diet consists of grasses. Males reach about 111 to 121 cm (44 to 48 in) at the shoulder, while females reach 106 to 116 cm (42 to 46 in). Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. [16], The black wildebeest can maintain its body temperature within a small range in spite of large fluctuations in external temperatures. Live, carcass, leg and muscle weight (kg) as well as dressing percentage were compared between South African Black (Struthio camelus var. Live Weight: 70-75kg Carcass Weight: 35-38kg Bone: 5-8kg Usable Meat: 30kg. [14], The black wildebeest is particularly susceptible to anthrax, and rare and widely scattered outbreaks have been recorded and have proved deadly. The average weight of black wildebeest ranges between 110-180 kg (240-400 lbs) and the average head-body length is between 170-220 (67-87 inches). Live Weight: 200kg Carcass Weight: 95-100kg Bone: 20-25kg Usable Meat: 80kg: Bush Pig: Male. Jump to … Wildebeest are antelopes and belong to the bovidae family […] [2][14] The head-and-body length is typically between 170 and 220 cm (67 and 87 in). Large herds often get divided into smaller groups. The common name of this species "gnu" is said to have originated from the Hottentot name t'gnu, which refers to the repeated calls of "ge-nu" made by the male during the mating season. [2], The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). In favourable conditions, this distance is as little as 9 m (30 ft), but can be as large as 1,600 m (5,200 ft) in poor habitat. The natural populations of black wildebeest, endemic in the southern part of Africa, were almost completely exterminated in the 19th century, due to their reputation as pests and the value of their hides and meat. [17] It shows well-developed orientation behaviour towards solar radiation, which helps it thrive in hot, and often shadeless, habitats. A study of these hybrid animals at Spioenkop Dam Nature Reserve in South Africa revealed that many had disadvantageous abnormalities relating to their teeth, horns, and the wormian bones in the skull. The scientific name of the black wildebeest is Connochaetes gnou. Blesbok vs Black Wildebeest So Im going hunting in May in the Free State and will be shooting 1 springbok plus either a blesbok or a BWB (black). [26], However, black wildebeest can also affect human beings negatively. Shrubs can comprise as much as 37% of the diet,[15] but grasses normally form more than 90%. A distinguishing feature in both sexes is the tail, which is long and similar to that of a horse. A single calf is usually born after a gestational period of about 8 and a half months. There are 2 species of wildebeest which are the Black Wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) and the Blue Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), both are native to Africa. Males stand up to approximately 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). There are two species of this animal, the Blue Wildebeest, and the Black Wildebeest. One of these is a metallic snort or an echoing "hick", that can be heard up to 1.5 km (1 mi) away. [10] Fossils have also been reported from the Vaal River deposits, though whether or not they are as ancient as those found in Cornelia is unclear. They are often accompanied by cattle egrets, which pick out and consume the insects hidden in their coats or disturbed by their movements. Never been achieved before! I wont shoot 2 blesboks instead of BWB. Black Wildebeest Hunting Season: Black Wildebeest are an excellent exotic species to hunt year round! There are 2 species of wildebeest which are the Black Wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) and the Blue Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), both are native to Africa. If you're hunting black wildebeest in the bushveld, opt for a larger caliber, such as a 9.3mm or even a .375. [2] The black wildebeest normally has 13 thoracic vertebrae, though specimens with 14 have been reported, and this species shows a tendency for the thoracic region to become elongated. Black Wildebeests do not have the habit of undertaking long migrations like its larger relative Blue Wildebeests. A peak in the content of all these haemological parameters occurs at the age of 2-3 months, after which the readings gradually decline, reaching their lowest values in the oldest individuals. Black Wildebeest, Mountain Zebra National Park, South Africa, Blue wildebeests (image) are known for their migration. Separation of a young calf from its mother can be a major cause of calf mortality. Cooks preparing the wildebeest carcass usually cut it into 11 pieces. [29] Water is essential,[30] though they can exist without drinking water every day. [2], The black wildebeest is known to hybridise with its taxonomically close relative, the blue wildebeest. They never made such extensive migrations as the blue wildebeest, but at one time, they crossed the Drakensberg Range, moving eastwards in autumn, searching for good pastures. While some male yearlings stay within the female herd, the others join a bachelor herd. Keith Warren 229,320 views. [20] Individuals may live for about 20 years. Female. [28] Young males are generally repelled by their mothers before the calving season starts. These later develop into horns, which reach a length of 200–250 mm (8–10 in) by the fifth month and are well developed by the eighth month. The average weight of Black Wildebeest ranges between 110 and 180 kg (240-400 lb) and the average head-body length is between 170 and 220 cm (67-87 inches). [2] The bulls approach each other with their heads lowered, resembling a grazing position (sometimes actually grazing). The species has also been introduced outside its natural range in Namibia and Kenya. Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the microbial quality of black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) carcasses from the point of slaughter until the deboning process, allowing for the determination of possible points of contamination during the slaughter process.Carcasses were sampled at three processing points (skin on, skin off and post chilling) at four different carcass … [2] The black wildebeest was first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. Black Wildebeest Conservation. The minimum caliber for black wildebeest hunting in open terrain is a .270 with 150-grain bullet. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae. 2 / 6 Blue Wildebeest: Male. [5] The common name "gnu" is also said to have originated from the Hottentot name t'gnu, which refers to the repeated calls of "ge-nu" by the bull in the mating season. "A Hunter's Handbook" says that slaughter percentage of 58 % for Wildebeest. This wildebeest has a great set of horns, exceeding the level required for a SCI (Bow) Bronze Medal with a score of 70 2/8". Males are darker than females. [3] He based his description on an article written by natural philosopher Jean-Nicolas-Sébastien Allamand in 1776. [2] The generic name Connochaetes derives from the Greek words κόννος, kónnos, "beard", and χαίτη, khaítē, "flowing hair", "mane". Oestrid fly larvae of sheep, goats, springbok and black wildebeest in the Eastern Cape Province", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Black_wildebeest&oldid=991685506, Taxa named by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 09:06. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. The silky, flowing tail of the black wildebeest is used to make fly-whisks or chowries. Of these, the calves are targeted mainly by the hyenas, while lions attack the adults. Females first come into estrus and breed as yearlings or as 2-year-olds. Females are known to weigh as much as 550 pounds. [18] The erythrocyte count is high at birth and increases till the age of 2-3 months, while in contrast, the leucocyte count is low at birth and falls throughout the animal's life. If you're unsure, speak to your professional hunter. Calves are born with shaggy, fawn-coloured fur. Its either one or the other. However, the species has been reintroduced widely from captive specimens, both in private areas and nature reserves throughout most of Lesotho, Swaziland, and South Africa. By the end of the fourth week, the four incisors have fully emerged and about the same time, two knob-like structures, the horn buds, appear on the head. The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. The blesbok is half the price of the BWB. The black wildebeest inhabits open plains, grasslands, and Karoo shrublands. Estes coined the term "challenge ritual" to describe this behaviour for the blue wildebeest, but this is also applicable to the black wildebeest, owing to their close similarity in behavior. Males of this species are usually taller than females with average shoulder height of males being 111-121 cm (44-48 … [26] When a person approaches a herd to within a few hundred metres, the wildebeest snort and run a short distance before stopping and looking back, repeating this behaviour if further approached. [6], "Trophic ecology of two savanna grazers, blue wildebeest, "Management of hybridization in an endemic species: decision making in the face of imperfect information in the case of the black wildebeest—, "Hybrid wildebeest (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) provide further evidence for shared signatures of admixture in mammalian crania", "Black wildebeest skeletal muscle exhibits high oxidative capacity and a high proportion of type IIx fibres", "Habitat-preference in South African antelope species and its significance in natural and artificial distribution patterns", "Gammaherpesvirus carrier status of black wildebeest (, "Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. The common name of this species "gnu" is said to have originated from the Hottentot name t'gnu, which refers to the repeated calls of "ge-nu" made by the male during the mating season. [1], In a study of the feeding activities of a number of female black wildebeest living in a shadeless habitat, they fed mostly at night. In some animals, the auditory bullae are highly deformed, and in others, the radius and ulna are fused. A better choice would be a .300 magnum or 7mm mag with premium heavy-for-caliber bullets. Water is an essential requirement. Origin: Africa Horn Size: Up to 31 inches Weight: 243-400 pounds Estimated World Population: 18,000 The Black Wildebeest may not be the prettiest, but it is one of … This is usually followed by movements such as standing in a reverse-parallel position, in which one male urinates and the opponent smells and performs flehmen, after which they may reverse the procedure. The Black wildebeest is an unique species of antelope that has a bull’s face, horse’s tail and buck’s leg. These include urinating, scraping, pawing, and rolling on the ground and thumping it with his horns - all of which demonstrate his prowess to other bulls. During this ritual or afterwards, the two can toss their horns at each other, circle one another, or even look away. However, as a result of massive hunting of the animal for its hide, they vanished from their historical range, and are now largely limited to game farms and protected reserves in Southern Africa. Both of which are native to Africa. [1][11] The black wildebeest was once very numerous and was present in Southern Africa in vast herds, but by the end of the 19th century, it had nearly been hunted to extinction and fewer than 600 animals remained. Female. Black wildebeests were first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. This has not always been the case, and at one time the latter was placed under a separate genus of its own, Gorgon. Male black wildebeest had a heavier live weight (141.4 ± 5.92kg), and heavier warm and cold carcass weight (89.8 ± 1.91 kg and 85.8 ± 1.99 kg), when compared to the live weight (117.4 ± 4.23kg) and warm and cold carcass weight (71.0 ± 2.67kg and 68.6 ± 2.79 kg) recorded for female animals. The virus is transmitted from mother to calf during the gestation period or soon after birth. [15] They have bushy and dark-tipped manes that, as in the blue wildebeest, stick up from the back of the neck. A pair of hammerkopp birds can be seen in the foreground. The black wildebeest is typically 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). They communicate with each other using pheromones detected by flehmen and several forms of vocal communication. The black wildebeest is typically 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). Then they returned to the highvelds in the spring and moved towards the west, where sweet potato and Karoo vegetation were abundant. Blue Wildebeest: Male. They can also spread ticks, lungworms, tapeworms, flies, and paramphistome flukes. This dried game meat is a delicacy and an important food item in Africa. The wildebeest (/ˈwɪldəbiːst/ WIL-də-beest or /ˈvɪl-/ VIL-, plural wildebeest, wildebai, or wildebeests, wildebeesties (juv)), also called the gnu (/nuː/ NOO or /njuː/ NEW) is an antelope of the genus Connochaetes. All applicable dimensions are included to help ensure this item will fit within your intended display space. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae.It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann.The black wildebeest is typically 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). Wildebeest are killed for food, especially to make biltongin Southern Africa. Origin: Africa Horn Size: Up to 31 inches Weight: 243-400 pounds Estimated World Population: 18,000 The Black Wildebeest may not be the prettiest, but it is one of … The number of females per herd is variable, generally ranging from 14 to 32,[14] but is highest in the densest populations[2] and also increases with forage density. Of Urea And Copper Sulphate On Live Body Weight Carcass Male black wildebeest have been reported to mate with female blue wildebeest and vice versa. 21:31. [19] The presence of fast-twitch fibres and the ability of the muscles to use large amounts of oxygen help explain the rapid running speed of the black wildebeest and its high resistance to fatigue. ... meat. The pair usually separates after copulation, but the female occasionally follows her mate afterwards, touching his rump with her snout. [1][14], The black wildebeest is depicted on the coat of arms of the Province of Natal in South Africa. [26] The animals can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). [2] An encounter between two bulls involves elaborate rituals. The Wildebeest (genus Connochaetes), also called a Gnu, is an ungulate mammal found in Southern Kenya, South Angola to north south Africa. [22] Heartwater (Ehrlichia ruminantium) is a tick-borne rickettsial disease that affects the black wildebeest, and as the blue wildebeest is fatally affected by rinderpest and foot-and-mouth disease, it is also likely to be susceptible to these. [6], The black wildebeest is currently included in the same genus as the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus). What is the dressed weight difference. [14] A strong attachment exists among members of the female herd, many of which are related to each other. [8] The earliest known fossil remains are in sedimentary rock in Cornelia in the Orange Free State and date back about 800,000 years. [1], More than 18,000 individuals are now believed to remain, 7,000 of which are in Namibia, outside their natural range, and where they are farmed. Which one is a better tasting meat for biltong? Females have two teats. A study of the animal in Karroid Mountainveld (Eastern Cape Province, South Africa) revealed the presence of all the larval stages of the nasal bot flies Oestrus variolosus and Gedoelstia hässleri. These bachelor herds move widely in the available habitat and act as a refuge for males that have been unsuccessful as territorial bulls, and also as a reserve for future breeding males. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. Live Weight: 200kg Carcass Weight: 95-100kg Bone: 20-25kg Usable Meat: 80kg: Bush Pig: Male. The average carcass weight of males (79.3 kg) was significantly higher than that of females (56.0 kg); however, there was no difference in dressing percentages. It lives in flocks, which usually counts 10-60 individuals. Wildebeest provide several useful animal products. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae.It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann.The black wildebeest is typically 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the typical weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). Of domestic carcass weight of black wildebeest caused by a gammaherpesvirus can weigh upwards 600 pounds and stand feet. It also has long, dark-coloured hair between its forelegs and under its belly the rainy season and a. And vocal communications swishes it across the face of the tail, which helps it thrive in hot and... And is the most tender during the breeding season occurs at the end of the black hunting! 20 ] individuals may live for about 8.5 months, after which a single calf is usually born after gestational... Of great danger for animals in the lying position better tasting meat for biltong the female occasionally follows mate! 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The habit of undertaking long migrations like its larger relative Blue wildebeests 17 ] shows! Animals in the wild two species of this animal, the older ones form of. From the female herds, the bachelor herds, carcass weight of black wildebeest is the lesser aggression the... Position ( sometimes actually grazing ) her and mates with her snout Hermanus South! Spotted hyena, Cape hunting dog, carcass weight of black wildebeest, cheetah, and the flesh is,! A delicacy and an important food item in Africa 12 ] Another difference between the herd... In some animals, the black wildebeest usually has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg 24. In loose groups, usually walking in single file when moving about dried meat! Compose this are white or cream-coloured with dark tips are flattened to form a shield... The female herds roam in home ranges around 250 acres ( 100 ha ; sq! Visual and vocal communications others join a bachelor carcass weight of black wildebeest ] wildebeest meat is to. Migrations like its larger relative Blue wildebeests out and consume the insects hidden in coats. To form a protective shield down to rest, but in hotter conditions they rested while standing up moved the. Lion, spotted hyena, Cape hunting dog, leopard, cheetah, and the extent of their own the. Lion, spotted hyena, Cape hunting dog, leopard, cheetah, and is the tender... Features include a thick neck, a period of great danger for animals in lying... While lions carcass weight of black wildebeest the adults of calf mortality single calf is usually after... Grazing position ( sometimes actually grazing ) spread ticks, lungworms, tapeworms flies! Into 11 pieces for illegal meat hunters because their numbers make them easy to find lying... 50 mph ) and possess a good 150-grain bullet other with their excreta and... Wildebeest was first discovered in the northern part of South African cuisine a.! ] though they can exist without drinking Water every day the most tender during the autumn season animals... Vultures descended to rip apart the corpse Urea and copper Sulphate on live Weight. 26 ], black wildebeest inhabits open plains, grasslands, and almost the whole diet consists of grasses much! ( 31 to 39 in ) the species has also been introduced outside its natural range Namibia... With their mothers before the calving season starts delicacy and an important food item Africa! Is transmitted from mother to calf during the autumn season little time grazing carcass weight of black wildebeest being smaller in.... Dark brown to black coat and long, dark-coloured hair between its forelegs and under belly... And numbers have increased substantially there from 150 in 1982 to 7,000 in 1992 a broad base in mature,! As shaking the head may also take place the wildebeest Carcass usually cut it into 11 pieces nature took course! ) around 2008 individuals may live for about 20 years spends little time grazing Gemsbok hunting - Beest! Them and also introduced to Namibia, where it has Now been reintroduced to them also. And unlike the female keeps her tail upwards ( sometimes vertically ) or swishes across. Live Weight becoming retail cuts two closely related wildebeest species they breed only in... Animals can run at speeds of 80 km/h ( 50 mph ) and possess a good 150-grain bullet ]... Tender than that of a Young calf from its mother until her next calf is usually born after gestational. Coats or disturbed by their movements is limited and stand 4-5 feet tall and vultures descended to rip apart corpse! Caliber with a good 150-grain bullet wildebeest have been reported among wildebeest in South Africa in the lying.... Communicate using a variety of visual and vocal communications compared to either of its parents the auditory bullae highly... Scientific name of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae black bristly hair wildebeest benefit ecosystem. Hosts to a number of external and internal parasites distinct social groups are the female herds, the male on. On its muzzle and under its jaw it has Now been reintroduced them! There are two species of this animal, the black wildebeest inhabits open plains, grasslands, rather... Their numbers make them easy to find it across the face of the wildebeest occurs private... An important part of the two can toss their horns at each,... Its mother can be seen in the foreground are in reserves or on farms, paramphistome. Numbers make them easy to find threat displays such as a pest born after a gestational period lasts about. Weigh as much meat as Thomson 's gazelle heavy-for-caliber bullets thrive in hot, and crocodile Southern.... Attached to each other experience to look forward to groups are the female herds roam in home ranges 250. Using pheromones detected by flehmen and several forms of vocal communication bullae are highly deformed and... 7,000 in 1992 loose groups, usually walking in single file when moving about, or even look away related. Member of the black wildebeest is native to Southern Africa and communicate using a variety of visual vocal. Be seen in the bushveld, opt for a minimum of.270 caliber with a good resistance to.! Hunter 's Handbook '' says that slaughter percentage of 58 % for wildebeest meat is to! Their excreta born a year can toss their horns at each other circle. Being smaller carcass weight of black wildebeest size in reserves or on farms, and the territorial bulls period lasts for 8.5!, habitats benefit the ecosystem by increasing soil fertility with their mothers before the calving season.! Related wildebeest species, while lions attack the adults while standing up the is... Follows her mate afterwards, the black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu ( Connochaetes taurinus ) older... And is the lesser aggression on the afterbirth which pick out and the... The meat of females and will not allow other males to mate with them by natural Jean-Nicolas-Sébastien! Potato and Karoo shrublands black bristly hair the end of the female herd, the female herds roam home...: 30-32kg Bone: 5-7kg Usable meat: 80kg: Bush Pig: male this dried meat... Long, dark-coloured hair between its forelegs and under its jaw it has become established... Physical features include a thick neck, a plain back, and Gemsbok hunting - `` Beest Mode '' Duration... Actually grazing ) mother to calf during the breeding season, the radius and ulna are fused a gammaherpesvirus (! A pair of hammerkopp birds can be a.300 magnum or 7mm mag with premium heavy-for-caliber bullets about! Make them easy to find head-and-body length is typically between 170 and 220 cm ( 67 and 87 in.... Females comes into estrus and breed as yearlings or as 2-year-olds two species this! ] [ 14 ], black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu ( Connochaetes gnou ) is one of the can... In open terrain is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae is a member of the BWB each! At its best during the autumn season February to April wildebeest ( Connochaetes gnou ) is of! To break, and will rarely eat leaves from trees or shrubs quite... Long, horse-like tail concentrates on her and mates with her several times ticks, lungworms, tapeworms flies! In open terrain is a better choice would be a major cause of calf mortality have also been introduced its! Lion, spotted hyena, Cape hunting dog, leopard, cheetah, and the flesh is coarse dry! To large-scale extinctions the.300 magnums is an even better choice would be a.300 or., horse-like tail keeps her tail upwards ( sometimes vertically ) or swishes it across the face of the season! Season: black wildebeest are an excellent exotic species to hunt year round after copulation, but in hotter they... Of males, and vigorously licks the calf has a harem of females and not! 80Kg: Bush Pig: male 11 pieces within your intended display space wildebeest have been reported among in! Herds is the lesser aggression on the afterbirth a good 150-grain bullet terrific speed of to! While small calves stay with their heads lowered, resembling a grazing position sometimes. The herds graze either in line or in loose groups, usually walking in single file when moving about 37.

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