bigleaf maple ethnobotany

For questions regarding the UWB/CC Plant Tour, contact Sarah at severlin@uw.edu. Unfortunately, a definitive cause has not been identified, although pests and pathogens have been widely considered (see PNW Handbook webpage). However, recent observations of dieback and mortality have raised concern about its ability to cope with changes A recent study out of University of Washington indicated that 22% of the maples sampled from 59 randomly selected sites in western Washington had symptoms of decline. Covered with moss, they often host Polypodium glycyrrhiza (Licorice fern), which grows on their trunks. Big-leaf maples have been used by Native American tribes to make medicine for sore throats. Big-leaf maples often grow with many trunks and will drop its lower branches as it matures. All information from Nancy J Turners Sannich Ethnobotany Wild Strawberry James St. John – Wild Strawberry CC BY 2.0 Perennial herbs, Wild Strawberry Fragaria chiloensis grow in loose patches, spreading by long thin runners.The coarse green leaves are 3 parted and have jagged edges. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. The ideal bigleaf maple tree is not the biggest one you can find. . In urban environments, it is an valuable source of shade, sometimes growing as wide as it is tall in open areas such as parks. We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Decline of bigleaf maple has been observed throughout the region during the past decade. In her wonderful book Pacific Feast, she has a recipe for maple blossom crème brulee and maple blossom fritters. Acer macrophyllum provides plenty of tall space for epiphytes (commonly called air plants that don’t need soil) like mosses, liverworts, and ferns - especially the licorice fern (Polypodium glycyrrhiza). Habitats That Form Our World Slideshow This slideshow contains 6 slides that will change every 8 seconds. also has an ethnobotany section, which describes how Native Americans used the plant. He was speaking of our beautiful Bigleaf Maple, Acer macrophyllum, one of our native hardwoods. Bocek, Barbara R., 1984, Ethnobotany of Costanoan Indians, California, Based on Collections by John P. … Observations of declining maples have been made throughout western Washington and Oregon since 2010. The leaves are simple, opposite, and very large between fifteen to thirty centimeters wide and almost as long (Farrar 1995). Flower: large racemes/clusters of pale yellow-green flowers hanging down. Mountaineers; 2007. Please see article for more information. Bigleaf maple is another iconic species of the Pacific Northwest. The seeds are the typical paired, winged samaras or … Bigleaf maple is known as the ‘paddle tree’ in many First Nation languages because of its superior quality as a strong and light wood for paddles and spindle whorls (Pojar and MacKinnon 1994). Nomenclature: follows Hitchcock and Cronquist (excluding pages 49, 51, … More information about the importance of bigleaf maple, the symptoms of decline and the available resources for understanding the trends are listed below. Bigleaf Maple is a tree found on the west coast of North America from Alaska, through British Columbia, and the west coast of the U.S.A. Fruits:  green to brown bristly samaras with wings spread closely – “helicopters”, Leaves: Very large (4-12” across) deeply lobed leaves, Notable feature: large leaves and great yellow fall color. A recent study out of University of Washington indicated that 22% of the maples sampled from 59 randomly selected sites in western Washington had symptoms of decline. Leaves may appear chlorotic (yellow-ish) and with tips and edges that resemble leaf scorch. Bigleaf Maple sap- running strong It snowed 8” in Bellingham on Feb 23 rd and for the last week, the Bigleaf Maple taps have been running copiously. In the Siskiyou Mountains, bigleaf maple frequency was greatest at 1,500 to 2,500 feet (460-760 m) elevation. Seattle University taRSeblu Vi Hilbert Ethnobotanical Garden Master Plant List Version 7.0 (Revised 9/9/2019) This Lushootseed language plant list was originally commissioned in 2005 for the creation of Seattle University’s The leaves can be enormous, a foot across, as described by its common and scientific name, turning a brilliant gold in fall. Where many maple species occur in other regions of the US, Bigleaf maple is the only native maple to the Northwest’s coastal regions. Learn how Bigleaf can help you ensure resilient and reliable application performance, no matter where you are on your Cloud journey. Bigleaf maple is an important species to the Pacific Northwest because of its commercial, ecological, cultural value. The branches on the ground provide woody debris for other plants to germinate on, and shelter for small animals like insects and salamanders. 2004. Bigleaf maple is a native, long-lived medium to large sized deciduous tree that often grows to eighty feet tall. Native American ethnobotany. ferns In the rain forests of the Olympic Peninsula, the moss grows so thick it becomes compost, where the trees sprout roots even up in their canopies. The characteristic helicopter seeds also provide valuable nourishment for many invertebrates living in our forests. Symptoms of decline include thinning and entire crown dieback. It is called the ‘paddle tree’ in many Native American languages bacause the wood was often used for paddles as well as spindle whorls and other tools. )—Bigleaf maple (Bigleaf maple dieback), Why is my tree dying? Bigleaf Maple USDA ACMA3 Costanoan Food, Unspecified Seeds used for food. However, Bigleaf Maple is on the margin of climate suitability (not enough freezing days; unpredictable season), and Paper Birch is on the margin of labor efficiency (the sap is 2.5 times more diluted than maple sap), and habitat WSU Puyallup Research & Extension Center, 2606 West Pioneer, Puyallup, WA, 98371-4998 USA Ethnobotany: the scientific study of the traditional knowledge and customs of a people concerning plants and their medical, religious, and other uses. Younger, smoothed barked trees are your better choice, those ranging from 4 to 18 inches in diameter. Seeds and sprouts are also edible and comparable to alfalfa sprouts (Arno & Hammerly 2007). This finding is of enormous concern given the importance of this species economically, ecologically and culturally. Look for the large hand shaped leaves with deeply cut lobes reaching up to a foot long. Lone Pine Publishing; 1994. Bigleaf Maple USDA ACMA3 Clallam Food, Unspecified Sap eaten fresh. Timber press; 1998. The distribution of bigleaf maple generally reflects its adaptation to mild climates and sensitivity to cold temperatures. "It certainly doesn't feel natural," he says. Bigleaf maple dieback in western Washington? This creates many nooks and crannies in the tree, providing ideal housing for birds and small mammals. Commercially, bigleaf maple is coveted by craftsman and woodworkers for fine furniture and custom products such as guitars and pianos. Bigleaf Maple Syrup An untapped potential, Bigleaf Maple trees produce sap that can be reduced to a sweet syrup just like eastern Sugar Maples'. As the largest growing hardwood species in the region, slabs of bigleaf maple are highly prized because of its size, immaculate grain patterns, and common fungal compartmentalization and discoloration known as spalting. Ethnobotany Big-leaf maples have been used by Native American tribes to make medicine for sore throats. The Bigleaf maple is an important early blooming tree. Arno SF, Hammerly RP. Branches sometimes have clumps of unnaturally small leaves and heavy seed crops. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska. Diagnostic Characters: Big-Leaf Maple is easily recognizable by its large 5-lobed leaves–often 12-inches (30cm) across, but sometimes much smaller– 6” (15cm). 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